SCENE I. Venice. A street.Enter RODERIGO and IAGORODERIGOTush! never tell me; I take it much unkindlyIAGO
That thou, Iago, who hast had my purse
As if the strings were thine, shouldst know of this.
'Sblood, but you will not hear me:RODERIGO
If ever I did dream of such a matter, Abhor me.
Thou told'st me thou didst hold him in thy hate.IAGO
Despise me, if I do not. Three great ones of the city,RODERIGO
In personal suit to make me his lieutenant,
Off-capp'd to him: and, by the faith of man,
I know my price, I am worth no worse a place:
But he; as loving his own pride and purposes,
Evades them, with a bombast circumstance
Horribly stuff'd with epithets of war;
And, in conclusion,
Nonsuits my mediators; for, 'Certes,' says he,
'I have already chose my officer.'
And what was he?
Forsooth, a great arithmetician,
One Michael Cassio, a Florentine,
A fellow almost damn'd in a fair wife;
That never set a squadron in the field,
Nor the division of a battle knows
More than a spinster; unless the bookish theoric,
Wherein the toged consuls can propose
As masterly as he: mere prattle, without practise,
Is all his soldiership. But he, sir, had the election:
And I, of whom his eyes had seen the proof
At Rhodes, at Cyprus and on other grounds
Christian and heathen, must be be-lee'd and calm'd
By debitor and creditor: this counter-caster,
He, in good time, must his lieutenant be,
And I--God bless the mark!--his Moorship's ancient.
By heaven, I rather would have been his hangman.IAGO
Why, there's no remedy; 'tis the curse of service,RODERIGO
Preferment goes by letter and affection,
And not by old gradation, where each second
Stood heir to the first. Now, sir, be judge yourself,
Whether I in any just term am affined
To love the Moor.
I would not follow him then.IAGO
O, sir, content you;RODERIGO
I follow him to serve my turn upon him:
We cannot all be masters, nor all masters
Cannot be truly follow'd. You shall mark
Many a duteous and knee-crooking knave,
That, doting on his own obsequious bondage,
Wears out his time, much like his master's ass,
For nought but provender, and when he's old, cashier'd:
Whip me such honest knaves. Others there are
Who, trimm'd in forms and visages of duty,
Keep yet their hearts attending on themselves,
And, throwing but shows of service on their lords,
Do well thrive by them and when they have lined
Do themselves homage: these fellows have some soul;
And such a one do I profess myself. For, sir,
It is as sure as you are Roderigo,
Were I the Moor, I would not be Iago:
In following him, I follow but myself;
Heaven is my judge, not I for love and duty,
But seeming so, for my peculiar end:
For when my outward action doth demonstrate
The native act and figure of my heart
In compliment extern, 'tis not long after
But I will wear my heart upon my sleeve
For daws to peck at: I am not what I am.
What a full fortune does the thicklips oweIAGO
If he can carry't thus!
Call up her father,RODERIGO
Rouse him: make after him, poison his delight,
Proclaim him in the streets; incense her kinsmen,
And, though he in a fertile climate dwell,
Plague him with flies: though that his joy be joy,
Yet throw such changes of vexation on't,
As it may lose some colour.
Here is her father's house; I'll call aloud.IAGO
Do, with like timorous accent and dire yellRODERIGO
As when, by night and negligence, the fire
Is spied in populous cities.
What, ho, Brabantio! Signior Brabantio, ho!IAGO
Awake! what, ho, Brabantio! thieves! thieves! thieves!BRABANTIO
Look to your house, your daughter and your bags!
BRABANTIO appears above, at a windowWhat is the reason of this terrible summons?RODERIGO
What is the matter there?
Signior, is all your family within?IAGO
Are your doors lock'd?BRABANTIO
Why, wherefore ask you this?IAGO
'Zounds, sir, you're robb'd; for shame, put onBRABANTIO
Your heart is burst, you have lost half your soul;
Even now, now, very now, an old black ram
Is topping your white ewe. Arise, arise;
Awake the snorting citizens with the bell,
Or else the devil will make a grandsire of you:
Arise, I say.
What, have you lost your wits?RODERIGO
Most reverend signior, do you know my voice?BRABANTIO
Not I what are you?RODERIGO
My name is Roderigo.BRABANTIO
The worser welcome:RODERIGO
I have charged thee not to haunt about my doors:
In honest plainness thou hast heard me say
My daughter is not for thee; and now, in madness,
Being full of supper and distempering draughts,
Upon malicious bravery, dost thou come
To start my quiet.
Sir, sir, sir,--BRABANTIO
But thou must needs be sureRODERIGO
My spirit and my place have in them power
To make this bitter to thee.
Patience, good sir.BRABANTIO
What tell'st thou me of robbing? this is Venice;RODERIGO
My house is not a grange.
Most grave Brabantio,IAGO
In simple and pure soul I come to you.
'Zounds, sir, you are one of those that will notBRABANTIO
serve God, if the devil bid you. Because we come to
do you service and you think we are ruffians, you'll
have your daughter covered with a Barbary horse;
you'll have your nephews neigh to you; you'll have
coursers for cousins and gennets for germans.
What profane wretch art thou?IAGO
I am one, sir, that comes to tell you your daughterBRABANTIO
and the Moor are now making the beast with two backs.
Thou art a villain.IAGO
You are--a senator.BRABANTIO
This thou shalt answer; I know thee, Roderigo.RODERIGO
Sir, I will answer any thing. But, I beseech you,BRABANTIO
If't be your pleasure and most wise consent,
As partly I find it is, that your fair daughter,
At this odd-even and dull watch o' the night,
Transported, with no worse nor better guard
But with a knave of common hire, a gondolier,
To the gross clasps of a lascivious Moor--
If this be known to you and your allowance,
We then have done you bold and saucy wrongs;
But if you know not this, my manners tell me
We have your wrong rebuke. Do not believe
That, from the sense of all civility,
I thus would play and trifle with your reverence:
Your daughter, if you have not given her leave,
I say again, hath made a gross revolt;
Tying her duty, beauty, wit and fortunes
In an extravagant and wheeling stranger
Of here and every where. Straight satisfy yourself:
If she be in her chamber or your house,
Let loose on me the justice of the state
For thus deluding you.
Strike on the tinder, ho!IAGO
Give me a taper! call up all my people!
This accident is not unlike my dream:
Belief of it oppresses me already.
Light, I say! light!
Exit aboveFarewell; for I must leave you:BRABANTIO
It seems not meet, nor wholesome to my place,
To be produced--as, if I stay, I shall--
Against the Moor: for, I do know, the state,
However this may gall him with some cheque,
Cannot with safety cast him, for he's embark'd
With such loud reason to the Cyprus wars,
Which even now stand in act, that, for their souls,
Another of his fathom they have none,
To lead their business: in which regard,
Though I do hate him as I do hell-pains.
Yet, for necessity of present life,
I must show out a flag and sign of love,
Which is indeed but sign. That you shall surely find him,
Lead to the Sagittary the raised search;
And there will I be with him. So, farewell.
Enter, below, BRABANTIO, and Servants with torchesIt is too true an evil: gone she is;RODERIGO
And what's to come of my despised time
Is nought but bitterness. Now, Roderigo,
Where didst thou see her? O unhappy girl!
With the Moor, say'st thou? Who would be a father!
How didst thou know 'twas she? O she deceives me
Past thought! What said she to you? Get more tapers:
Raise all my kindred. Are they married, think you?
Truly, I think they are.BRABANTIO
O heaven! How got she out? O treason of the blood!RODERIGO
Fathers, from hence trust not your daughters' minds
By what you see them act. Is there not charms
By which the property of youth and maidhood
May be abused? Have you not read, Roderigo,
Of some such thing?
Yes, sir, I have indeed.BRABANTIO
Call up my brother. O, would you had had her!RODERIGO
Some one way, some another. Do you know
Where we may apprehend her and the Moor?
I think I can discover him, if you please,BRABANTIO
To get good guard and go along with me.
Pray you, lead on. At every house I'll call;
I may command at most. Get weapons, ho!
And raise some special officers of night.
On, good Roderigo: I'll deserve your pains.
SCENE II. Another street.Enter OTHELLO, IAGO, and Attendants with torchesIAGOThough in the trade of war I have slain men,OTHELLO
Yet do I hold it very stuff o' the conscience
To do no contrived murder: I lack iniquity
Sometimes to do me service: nine or ten times
I had thought to have yerk'd him here under the ribs.
'Tis better as it is.IAGO
Nay, but he prated,OTHELLO
And spoke such scurvy and provoking terms
Against your honour
That, with the little godliness I have,
I did full hard forbear him. But, I pray you, sir,
Are you fast married? Be assured of this,
That the magnifico is much beloved,
And hath in his effect a voice potential
As double as the duke's: he will divorce you;
Or put upon you what restraint and grievance
The law, with all his might to enforce it on,
Will give him cable.
Let him do his spite:IAGO
My services which I have done the signiory
Shall out-tongue his complaints. 'Tis yet to know,--
Which, when I know that boasting is an honour,
I shall promulgate--I fetch my life and being
From men of royal siege, and my demerits
May speak unbonneted to as proud a fortune
As this that I have reach'd: for know, Iago,
But that I love the gentle Desdemona,
I would not my unhoused free condition
Put into circumscription and confine
For the sea's worth. But, look! what lights come yond?
Those are the raised father and his friends:OTHELLO
You were best go in.
Not I I must be found:IAGO
My parts, my title and my perfect soul
Shall manifest me rightly. Is it they?
By Janus, I think no.OTHELLO
Enter CASSIO, and certain Officers with torchesThe servants of the duke, and my lieutenant.CASSIO
The goodness of the night upon you, friends!
What is the news?
The duke does greet you, general,OTHELLO
And he requires your haste-post-haste appearance,
Even on the instant.
What is the matter, think you?CASSIO
Something from Cyprus as I may divine:OTHELLO
It is a business of some heat: the galleys
Have sent a dozen sequent messengers
This very night at one another's heels,
And many of the consuls, raised and met,
Are at the duke's already: you have been
hotly call'd for;
When, being not at your lodging to be found,
The senate hath sent about three several guests
To search you out.
'Tis well I am found by you.CASSIO
I will but spend a word here in the house,
And go with you.
ExitAncient, what makes he here?IAGO
'Faith, he to-night hath boarded a land carack:CASSIO
If it prove lawful prize, he's made for ever.
I do not understand.IAGO
Re-enter OTHELLOMarry, to--Come, captain, will you go?OTHELLO
Have with you.CASSIO
Here comes another troop to seek for you.IAGO
It is Brabantio. General, be advised;OTHELLO
He comes to bad intent.
Enter BRABANTIO, RODERIGO, and Officers with torches and weaponsHolla! stand there!RODERIGO
Signior, it is the Moor.BRABANTIO
Down with him, thief!IAGO
They draw on both sidesYou, Roderigo! come, sir, I am for you.OTHELLO
Keep up your bright swords, for the dew will rust them.BRABANTIO
Good signior, you shall more command with years
Than with your weapons.
O thou foul thief, where hast thou stow'd my daughter?OTHELLO
Damn'd as thou art, thou hast enchanted her;
For I'll refer me to all things of sense,
If she in chains of magic were not bound,
Whether a maid so tender, fair and happy,
So opposite to marriage that she shunned
The wealthy curled darlings of our nation,
Would ever have, to incur a general mock,
Run from her guardage to the sooty bosom
Of such a thing as thou, to fear, not to delight.
Judge me the world, if 'tis not gross in sense
That thou hast practised on her with foul charms,
Abused her delicate youth with drugs or minerals
That weaken motion: I'll have't disputed on;
'Tis probable and palpable to thinking.
I therefore apprehend and do attach thee
For an abuser of the world, a practiser
Of arts inhibited and out of warrant.
Lay hold upon him: if he do resist,
Subdue him at his peril.
Hold your hands,BRABANTIO
Both you of my inclining, and the rest:
Were it my cue to fight, I should have known it
Without a prompter. Where will you that I go
To answer this your charge?
To prison, till fit timeOTHELLO
Of law and course of direct session
Call thee to answer.
What if I do obey?First Officer
How may the duke be therewith satisfied,
Whose messengers are here about my side,
Upon some present business of the state
To bring me to him?
'Tis true, most worthy signior;BRABANTIO
The duke's in council and your noble self,
I am sure, is sent for.
How! the duke in council!
In this time of the night! Bring him away:
Mine's not an idle cause: the duke himself,
Or any of my brothers of the state,
Cannot but feel this wrong as 'twere their own;
For if such actions may have passage free,
Bond-slaves and pagans shall our statesmen be.
SCENE III. A council-chamber.The DUKE and Senators sitting at a table; Officers attendingDUKE OF VENICEThere is no composition in these newsFirst Senator
That gives them credit.
Indeed, they are disproportion'd;DUKE OF VENICE
My letters say a hundred and seven galleys.
And mine, a hundred and forty.Second Senator
And mine, two hundred:DUKE OF VENICE
But though they jump not on a just account,--
As in these cases, where the aim reports,
'Tis oft with difference--yet do they all confirm
A Turkish fleet, and bearing up to Cyprus.
Nay, it is possible enough to judgment:Sailor
I do not so secure me in the error,
But the main article I do approve
In fearful sense.
[Within] What, ho! what, ho! what, ho!First Officer
A messenger from the galleys.DUKE OF VENICE
Enter a SailorNow, what's the business?Sailor
The Turkish preparation makes for Rhodes;DUKE OF VENICE
So was I bid report here to the state
By Signior Angelo.
How say you by this change?First Senator
This cannot be,DUKE OF VENICE
By no assay of reason: 'tis a pageant,
To keep us in false gaze. When we consider
The importancy of Cyprus to the Turk,
And let ourselves again but understand,
That as it more concerns the Turk than Rhodes,
So may he with more facile question bear it,
For that it stands not in such warlike brace,
But altogether lacks the abilities
That Rhodes is dress'd in: if we make thought of this,
We must not think the Turk is so unskilful
To leave that latest which concerns him first,
Neglecting an attempt of ease and gain,
To wake and wage a danger profitless.
Nay, in all confidence, he's not for Rhodes.First Officer
Here is more news.Messenger
Enter a MessengerThe Ottomites, reverend and gracious,First Senator
Steering with due course towards the isle of Rhodes,
Have there injointed them with an after fleet.
Ay, so I thought. How many, as you guess?Messenger
Of thirty sail: and now they do restemDUKE OF VENICE
Their backward course, bearing with frank appearance
Their purposes toward Cyprus. Signior Montano,
Your trusty and most valiant servitor,
With his free duty recommends you thus,
And prays you to believe him.
'Tis certain, then, for Cyprus.First Senator
Marcus Luccicos, is not he in town?
He's now in Florence.DUKE OF VENICE
Write from us to him; post-post-haste dispatch.First Senator
Here comes Brabantio and the valiant Moor.DUKE OF VENICE
Enter BRABANTIO, OTHELLO, IAGO, RODERIGO, and OfficersValiant Othello, we must straight employ youBRABANTIO
Against the general enemy Ottoman.
To BRABANTIOI did not see you; welcome, gentle signior;
We lack'd your counsel and your help tonight.
So did I yours. Good your grace, pardon me;DUKE OF VENICE
Neither my place nor aught I heard of business
Hath raised me from my bed, nor doth the general care
Take hold on me, for my particular grief
Is of so flood-gate and o'erbearing nature
That it engluts and swallows other sorrows
And it is still itself.
Why, what's the matter?BRABANTIO
My daughter! O, my daughter!DUKE OF VENICE Senator
Ay, to me;DUKE OF VENICE
She is abused, stol'n from me, and corrupted
By spells and medicines bought of mountebanks;
For nature so preposterously to err,
Being not deficient, blind, or lame of sense,
Sans witchcraft could not.
Whoe'er he be that in this foul proceedingBRABANTIO
Hath thus beguiled your daughter of herself
And you of her, the bloody book of law
You shall yourself read in the bitter letter
After your own sense, yea, though our proper son
Stood in your action.
Humbly I thank your grace.DUKE OF VENICE Senator
Here is the man, this Moor, whom now, it seems,
Your special mandate for the state-affairs
Hath hither brought.
We are very sorry for't.DUKE OF VENICE
[To OTHELLO] What, in your own part, can you say to this?BRABANTIO
Nothing, but this is so.OTHELLO
Most potent, grave, and reverend signiors,BRABANTIO
My very noble and approved good masters,
That I have ta'en away this old man's daughter,
It is most true; true, I have married her:
The very head and front of my offending
Hath this extent, no more. Rude am I in my speech,
And little bless'd with the soft phrase of peace:
For since these arms of mine had seven years' pith,
Till now some nine moons wasted, they have used
Their dearest action in the tented field,
And little of this great world can I speak,
More than pertains to feats of broil and battle,
And therefore little shall I grace my cause
In speaking for myself. Yet, by your gracious patience,
I will a round unvarnish'd tale deliver
Of my whole course of love; what drugs, what charms,
What conjuration and what mighty magic,
For such proceeding I am charged withal,
I won his daughter.
A maiden never bold;DUKE OF VENICE
Of spirit so still and quiet, that her motion
Blush'd at herself; and she, in spite of nature,
Of years, of country, credit, every thing,
To fall in love with what she fear'd to look on!
It is a judgment maim'd and most imperfect
That will confess perfection so could err
Against all rules of nature, and must be driven
To find out practises of cunning hell,
Why this should be. I therefore vouch again
That with some mixtures powerful o'er the blood,
Or with some dram conjured to this effect,
He wrought upon her.
To vouch this, is no proof,First Senator
Without more wider and more overt test
Than these thin habits and poor likelihoods
Of modern seeming do prefer against him.
But, Othello, speak:OTHELLO
Did you by indirect and forced courses
Subdue and poison this young maid's affections?
Or came it by request and such fair question
As soul to soul affordeth?
I do beseech you,DUKE OF VENICE
Send for the lady to the Sagittary,
And let her speak of me before her father:
If you do find me foul in her report,
The trust, the office I do hold of you,
Not only take away, but let your sentence
Even fall upon my life.
Fetch Desdemona hither.OTHELLO
Ancient, conduct them: you best know the place.DUKE OF VENICE
Exeunt IAGO and AttendantsAnd, till she come, as truly as to heaven
I do confess the vices of my blood,
So justly to your grave ears I'll present
How I did thrive in this fair lady's love,
And she in mine.
Say it, Othello.OTHELLO
Her father loved me; oft invited me;DUKE OF VENICE
Still question'd me the story of my life,
From year to year, the battles, sieges, fortunes,
That I have passed.
I ran it through, even from my boyish days,
To the very moment that he bade me tell it;
Wherein I spake of most disastrous chances,
Of moving accidents by flood and field
Of hair-breadth scapes i' the imminent deadly breach,
Of being taken by the insolent foe
And sold to slavery, of my redemption thence
And portance in my travels' history:
Wherein of antres vast and deserts idle,
Rough quarries, rocks and hills whose heads touch heaven
It was my hint to speak,--such was the process;
And of the Cannibals that each other eat,
The Anthropophagi and men whose heads
Do grow beneath their shoulders. This to hear
Would Desdemona seriously incline:
But still the house-affairs would draw her thence:
Which ever as she could with haste dispatch,
She'ld come again, and with a greedy ear
Devour up my discourse: which I observing,
Took once a pliant hour, and found good means
To draw from her a prayer of earnest heart
That I would all my pilgrimage dilate,
Whereof by parcels she had something heard,
But not intentively: I did consent,
And often did beguile her of her tears,
When I did speak of some distressful stroke
That my youth suffer'd. My story being done,
She gave me for my pains a world of sighs:
She swore, in faith, twas strange, 'twas passing strange,
'Twas pitiful, 'twas wondrous pitiful:
She wish'd she had not heard it, yet she wish'd
That heaven had made her such a man: she thank'd me,
And bade me, if I had a friend that loved her,
I should but teach him how to tell my story.
And that would woo her. Upon this hint I spake:
She loved me for the dangers I had pass'd,
And I loved her that she did pity them.
This only is the witchcraft I have used:
Here comes the lady; let her witness it.
Enter DESDEMONA, IAGO, and AttendantsI think this tale would win my daughter too.BRABANTIO
Take up this mangled matter at the best:
Men do their broken weapons rather use
Than their bare hands.
I pray you, hear her speak:DESDEMONA
If she confess that she was half the wooer,
Destruction on my head, if my bad blame
Light on the man! Come hither, gentle mistress:
Do you perceive in all this noble company
Where most you owe obedience?
My noble father,BRABANTIO
I do perceive here a divided duty:
To you I am bound for life and education;
My life and education both do learn me
How to respect you; you are the lord of duty;
I am hitherto your daughter: but here's my husband,
And so much duty as my mother show'd
To you, preferring you before her father,
So much I challenge that I may profess
Due to the Moor my lord.
God be wi' you! I have done.DUKE OF VENICE
Please it your grace, on to the state-affairs:
I had rather to adopt a child than get it.
Come hither, Moor:
I here do give thee that with all my heart
Which, but thou hast already, with all my heart
I would keep from thee. For your sake, jewel,
I am glad at soul I have no other child:
For thy escape would teach me tyranny,
To hang clogs on them. I have done, my lord.
Let me speak like yourself, and lay a sentence,BRABANTIO
Which, as a grise or step, may help these lovers
Into your favour.
When remedies are past, the griefs are ended
By seeing the worst, which late on hopes depended.
To mourn a mischief that is past and gone
Is the next way to draw new mischief on.
What cannot be preserved when fortune takes
Patience her injury a mockery makes.
The robb'd that smiles steals something from the thief;
He robs himself that spends a bootless grief.
So let the Turk of Cyprus us beguile;DUKE OF VENICE
We lose it not, so long as we can smile.
He bears the sentence well that nothing bears
But the free comfort which from thence he hears,
But he bears both the sentence and the sorrow
That, to pay grief, must of poor patience borrow.
These sentences, to sugar, or to gall,
Being strong on both sides, are equivocal:
But words are words; I never yet did hear
That the bruised heart was pierced through the ear.
I humbly beseech you, proceed to the affairs of state.
The Turk with a most mighty preparation makes forOTHELLO
Cyprus. Othello, the fortitude of the place is best
known to you; and though we have there a substitute
of most allowed sufficiency, yet opinion, a
sovereign mistress of effects, throws a more safer
voice on you: you must therefore be content to
slubber the gloss of your new fortunes with this
more stubborn and boisterous expedition.
The tyrant custom, most grave senators,DUKE OF VENICE
Hath made the flinty and steel couch of war
My thrice-driven bed of down: I do agnise
A natural and prompt alacrity
I find in hardness, and do undertake
These present wars against the Ottomites.
Most humbly therefore bending to your state,
I crave fit disposition for my wife.
Due reference of place and exhibition,
With such accommodation and besort
As levels with her breeding.
If you please,BRABANTIO
Be't at her father's.
I'll not have it so.OTHELLO
Nor I; I would not there reside,DUKE OF VENICE
To put my father in impatient thoughts
By being in his eye. Most gracious duke,
To my unfolding lend your prosperous ear;
And let me find a charter in your voice,
To assist my simpleness.
What would You, Desdemona?DESDEMONA
That I did love the Moor to live with him,OTHELLO
My downright violence and storm of fortunes
May trumpet to the world: my heart's subdued
Even to the very quality of my lord:
I saw Othello's visage in his mind,
And to his honour and his valiant parts
Did I my soul and fortunes consecrate.
So that, dear lords, if I be left behind,
A moth of peace, and he go to the war,
The rites for which I love him are bereft me,
And I a heavy interim shall support
By his dear absence. Let me go with him.
Let her have your voices.DUKE OF VENICE
Vouch with me, heaven, I therefore beg it not,
To please the palate of my appetite,
Nor to comply with heat--the young affects
In me defunct--and proper satisfaction.
But to be free and bounteous to her mind:
And heaven defend your good souls, that you think
I will your serious and great business scant
For she is with me: no, when light-wing'd toys
Of feather'd Cupid seal with wanton dullness
My speculative and officed instruments,
That my disports corrupt and taint my business,
Let housewives make a skillet of my helm,
And all indign and base adversities
Make head against my estimation!
Be it as you shall privately determine,First Senator
Either for her stay or going: the affair cries haste,
And speed must answer it.
You must away to-night.OTHELLO
With all my heart.DUKE OF VENICE
At nine i' the morning here we'll meet again.OTHELLO
Othello, leave some officer behind,
And he shall our commission bring to you;
With such things else of quality and respect
As doth import you.
So please your grace, my ancient;DUKE OF VENICE
A man he is of honest and trust:
To his conveyance I assign my wife,
With what else needful your good grace shall think
To be sent after me.
Let it be so.First Senator
Good night to every one.
To BRABANTIOAnd, noble signior,
If virtue no delighted beauty lack,
Your son-in-law is far more fair than black.
Adieu, brave Moor, use Desdemona well.BRABANTIO
Look to her, Moor, if thou hast eyes to see:OTHELLO
She has deceived her father, and may thee.
Exeunt DUKE OF VENICE, Senators, Officers, & cMy life upon her faith! Honest Iago,RODERIGO
My Desdemona must I leave to thee:
I prithee, let thy wife attend on her:
And bring them after in the best advantage.
Come, Desdemona: I have but an hour
Of love, of worldly matters and direction,
To spend with thee: we must obey the time.
Exeunt OTHELLO and DESDEMONAIago,--IAGO
What say'st thou, noble heart?RODERIGO
What will I do, thinkest thou?IAGO
Why, go to bed, and sleep.RODERIGO
I will incontinently drown myself.IAGO
If thou dost, I shall never love thee after. Why,RODERIGO
thou silly gentleman!
It is silliness to live when to live is torment; andIAGO
then have we a prescription to die when death is our physician.
O villainous! I have looked upon the world for fourRODERIGO
times seven years; and since I could distinguish
betwixt a benefit and an injury, I never found man
that knew how to love himself. Ere I would say, I
would drown myself for the love of a guinea-hen, I
would change my humanity with a baboon.
What should I do? I confess it is my shame to be soIAGO
fond; but it is not in my virtue to amend it.
Virtue! a fig! 'tis in ourselves that we are thusRODERIGO
or thus. Our bodies are our gardens, to the which
our wills are gardeners: so that if we will plant
nettles, or sow lettuce, set hyssop and weed up
thyme, supply it with one gender of herbs, or
distract it with many, either to have it sterile
with idleness, or manured with industry, why, the
power and corrigible authority of this lies in our
wills. If the balance of our lives had not one
scale of reason to poise another of sensuality, the
blood and baseness of our natures would conduct us
to most preposterous conclusions: but we have
reason to cool our raging motions, our carnal
stings, our unbitted lusts, whereof I take this that
you call love to be a sect or scion.
It cannot be.IAGO
It is merely a lust of the blood and a permission ofRODERIGO
the will. Come, be a man. Drown thyself! drown
cats and blind puppies. I have professed me thy
friend and I confess me knit to thy deserving with
cables of perdurable toughness; I could never
better stead thee than now. Put money in thy
purse; follow thou the wars; defeat thy favour with
an usurped beard; I say, put money in thy purse. It
cannot be that Desdemona should long continue her
love to the Moor,-- put money in thy purse,--nor he
his to her: it was a violent commencement, and thou
shalt see an answerable sequestration:--put but
money in thy purse. These Moors are changeable in
their wills: fill thy purse with money:--the food
that to him now is as luscious as locusts, shall be
to him shortly as bitter as coloquintida. She must
change for youth: when she is sated with his body,
she will find the error of her choice: she must
have change, she must: therefore put money in thy
purse. If thou wilt needs damn thyself, do it a
more delicate way than drowning. Make all the money
thou canst: if sanctimony and a frail vow betwixt
an erring barbarian and a supersubtle Venetian not
too hard for my wits and all the tribe of hell, thou
shalt enjoy her; therefore make money. A pox of
drowning thyself! it is clean out of the way: seek
thou rather to be hanged in compassing thy joy than
to be drowned and go without her.
Wilt thou be fast to my hopes, if I depend onIAGO
Thou art sure of me:--go, make money:--I have toldRODERIGO
thee often, and I re-tell thee again and again, I
hate the Moor: my cause is hearted; thine hath no
less reason. Let us be conjunctive in our revenge
against him: if thou canst cuckold him, thou dost
thyself a pleasure, me a sport. There are many
events in the womb of time which will be delivered.
Traverse! go, provide thy money. We will have more
of this to-morrow. Adieu.
Where shall we meet i' the morning?IAGO
At my lodging.RODERIGO
I'll be with thee betimes.IAGO
Go to; farewell. Do you hear, Roderigo?RODERIGO
What say you?IAGO
No more of drowning, do you hear?RODERIGO
I am changed: I'll go sell all my land.IAGO
ExitThus do I ever make my fool my purse:
For I mine own gain'd knowledge should profane,
If I would time expend with such a snipe.
But for my sport and profit. I hate the Moor:
And it is thought abroad, that 'twixt my sheets
He has done my office: I know not if't be true;
But I, for mere suspicion in that kind,
Will do as if for surety. He holds me well;
The better shall my purpose work on him.
Cassio's a proper man: let me see now:
To get his place and to plume up my will
In double knavery--How, how? Let's see:--
After some time, to abuse Othello's ear
That he is too familiar with his wife.
He hath a person and a smooth dispose
To be suspected, framed to make women false.
The Moor is of a free and open nature,
That thinks men honest that but seem to be so,
And will as tenderly be led by the nose
As asses are.
I have't. It is engender'd. Hell and night
Must bring this monstrous birth to the world's light.
SCENE I. A Sea-port in Cyprus. An open place near the quay.Enter MONTANO and two GentlemenMONTANOWhat from the cape can you discern at sea?First Gentleman
Nothing at all: it is a highwrought flood;MONTANO
I cannot, 'twixt the heaven and the main,
Descry a sail.
Methinks the wind hath spoke aloud at land;Second Gentleman
A fuller blast ne'er shook our battlements:
If it hath ruffian'd so upon the sea,
What ribs of oak, when mountains melt on them,
Can hold the mortise? What shall we hear of this?
A segregation of the Turkish fleet:MONTANO
For do but stand upon the foaming shore,
The chidden billow seems to pelt the clouds;
The wind-shaked surge, with high and monstrous mane,
seems to cast water on the burning bear,
And quench the guards of the ever-fixed pole:
I never did like molestation view
On the enchafed flood.
If that the Turkish fleetThird Gentleman
Be not enshelter'd and embay'd, they are drown'd:
It is impossible they bear it out.
Enter a third GentlemanNews, lads! our wars are done.MONTANO
The desperate tempest hath so bang'd the Turks,
That their designment halts: a noble ship of Venice
Hath seen a grievous wreck and sufferance
On most part of their fleet.
How! is this true?Third Gentleman
The ship is here put in,MONTANO
A Veronesa; Michael Cassio,
Lieutenant to the warlike Moor Othello,
Is come on shore: the Moor himself at sea,
And is in full commission here for Cyprus.
I am glad on't; 'tis a worthy governor.Third Gentleman
But this same Cassio, though he speak of comfortMONTANO
Touching the Turkish loss, yet he looks sadly,
And prays the Moor be safe; for they were parted
With foul and violent tempest.
Pray heavens he be;Third Gentleman
For I have served him, and the man commands
Like a full soldier. Let's to the seaside, ho!
As well to see the vessel that's come in
As to throw out our eyes for brave Othello,
Even till we make the main and the aerial blue
An indistinct regard.
Come, let's do so:CASSIO
For every minute is expectancy
Of more arrivance.
Enter CASSIOThanks, you the valiant of this warlike isle,MONTANO
That so approve the Moor! O, let the heavens
Give him defence against the elements,
For I have lost us him on a dangerous sea.
Is he well shipp'd?CASSIO
His bark is stoutly timber'd, his pilotCASSIO
Of very expert and approved allowance;
Therefore my hopes, not surfeited to death,
Stand in bold cure.
A cry within 'A sail, a sail, a sail!'
Enter a fourth GentlemanWhat noise?Fourth Gentleman
The town is empty; on the brow o' the seaCASSIO
Stand ranks of people, and they cry 'A sail!'
My hopes do shape him for the governor.Second Gentlemen
Guns heardThey do discharge their shot of courtesy:CASSIO
Our friends at least.
I pray you, sir, go forth,Second Gentleman
And give us truth who 'tis that is arrived.
ExitBut, good lieutenant, is your general wived?CASSIO
Most fortunately: he hath achieved a maidSecond Gentleman
That paragons description and wild fame;
One that excels the quirks of blazoning pens,
And in the essential vesture of creation
Does tire the ingener.
Re-enter second GentlemanHow now! who has put in?
'Tis one Iago, ancient to the general.CASSIO
Has had most favourable and happy speed:MONTANO
Tempests themselves, high seas, and howling winds,
The gutter'd rocks and congregated sands--
Traitors ensteep'd to clog the guiltless keel,--
As having sense of beauty, do omit
Their mortal natures, letting go safely by
The divine Desdemona.
What is she?CASSIO
She that I spake of, our great captain's captain,DESDEMONA
Left in the conduct of the bold Iago,
Whose footing here anticipates our thoughts
A se'nnight's speed. Great Jove, Othello guard,
And swell his sail with thine own powerful breath,
That he may bless this bay with his tall ship,
Make love's quick pants in Desdemona's arms,
Give renew'd fire to our extincted spirits
And bring all Cyprus comfort!
Enter DESDEMONA, EMILIA, IAGO, RODERIGO, and AttendantsO, behold,
The riches of the ship is come on shore!
Ye men of Cyprus, let her have your knees.
Hail to thee, lady! and the grace of heaven,
Before, behind thee, and on every hand,
Enwheel thee round!
I thank you, valiant Cassio.CASSIO
What tidings can you tell me of my lord?
He is not yet arrived: nor know I aughtDESDEMONA
But that he's well and will be shortly here.
O, but I fear--How lost you company?CASSIO
The great contention of the sea and skiesSecond Gentleman
Parted our fellowship--But, hark! a sail.
Within 'A sail, a sail!' Guns heardThey give their greeting to the citadel;CASSIO
This likewise is a friend.
See for the news.IAGO
Exit GentlemanGood ancient, you are welcome.
To EMILIAWelcome, mistress.
Let it not gall your patience, good Iago,
That I extend my manners; 'tis my breeding
That gives me this bold show of courtesy.
Kissing herSir, would she give you so much of her lipsDESDEMONA
As of her tongue she oft bestows on me,
You'll have enough.
Alas, she has no speech.IAGO
In faith, too much;EMILIA
I find it still, when I have list to sleep:
Marry, before your ladyship, I grant,
She puts her tongue a little in her heart,
And chides with thinking.
You have little cause to say so.IAGO
Come on, come on; you are pictures out of doors,DESDEMONA
Bells in your parlors, wild-cats in your kitchens,
Saints m your injuries, devils being offended,
Players in your housewifery, and housewives' in your beds.
O, fie upon thee, slanderer!IAGO
Nay, it is true, or else I am a Turk:EMILIA
You rise to play and go to bed to work.
You shall not write my praise.IAGO
No, let me not.DESDEMONA
What wouldst thou write of me, if thou shouldstIAGO
O gentle lady, do not put me to't;DESDEMONA
For I am nothing, if not critical.
Come on assay. There's one gone to the harbour?IAGO
I am not merry; but I do beguileIAGO
The thing I am, by seeming otherwise.
Come, how wouldst thou praise me?
I am about it; but indeed my inventionDESDEMONA
Comes from my pate as birdlime does from frize;
It plucks out brains and all: but my Muse labours,
And thus she is deliver'd.
If she be fair and wise, fairness and wit,
The one's for use, the other useth it.
Well praised! How if she be black and witty?IAGO
If she be black, and thereto have a wit,DESDEMONA
She'll find a white that shall her blackness fit.
Worse and worse.EMILIA
How if fair and foolish?IAGO
She never yet was foolish that was fair;DESDEMONA
For even her folly help'd her to an heir.
These are old fond paradoxes to make fools laugh i'IAGO
the alehouse. What miserable praise hast thou for
her that's foul and foolish?
There's none so foul and foolish thereunto,DESDEMONA
But does foul pranks which fair and wise ones do.
O heavy ignorance! thou praisest the worst best.IAGO
But what praise couldst thou bestow on a deserving
woman indeed, one that, in the authority of her
merit, did justly put on the vouch of very malice itself?
She that was ever fair and never proud,DESDEMONA
Had tongue at will and yet was never loud,
Never lack'd gold and yet went never gay,
Fled from her wish and yet said 'Now I may,'
She that being anger'd, her revenge being nigh,
Bade her wrong stay and her displeasure fly,
She that in wisdom never was so frail
To change the cod's head for the salmon's tail;
She that could think and ne'er disclose her mind,
See suitors following and not look behind,
She was a wight, if ever such wight were,--
To do what?IAGO
To suckle fools and chronicle small beer.DESDEMONA
O most lame and impotent conclusion! Do not learnCASSIO
of him, Emilia, though he be thy husband. How say
you, Cassio? is he not a most profane and liberal
He speaks home, madam: You may relish him more inIAGO
the soldier than in the scholar.
[Aside] He takes her by the palm: ay, well said,CASSIO
whisper: with as little a web as this will I
ensnare as great a fly as Cassio. Ay, smile upon
her, do; I will gyve thee in thine own courtship.
You say true; 'tis so, indeed: if such tricks as
these strip you out of your lieutenantry, it had
been better you had not kissed your three fingers so
oft, which now again you are most apt to play the
sir in. Very good; well kissed! an excellent
courtesy! 'tis so, indeed. Yet again your fingers
to your lips? would they were clyster-pipes for your sake!
Trumpet withinThe Moor! I know his trumpet.
'Tis truly so.DESDEMONA
Let's meet him and receive him.CASSIO
Lo, where he comes!OTHELLO
Enter OTHELLO and AttendantsO my fair warrior!DESDEMONA
My dear Othello!OTHELLO
It gives me wonder great as my contentDESDEMONA
To see you here before me. O my soul's joy!
If after every tempest come such calms,
May the winds blow till they have waken'd death!
And let the labouring bark climb hills of seas
Olympus-high and duck again as low
As hell's from heaven! If it were now to die,
'Twere now to be most happy; for, I fear,
My soul hath her content so absolute
That not another comfort like to this
Succeeds in unknown fate.
The heavens forbidOTHELLO
But that our loves and comforts should increase,
Even as our days do grow!
Amen to that, sweet powers!IAGO
I cannot speak enough of this content;
It stops me here; it is too much of joy:
And this, and this, the greatest discords be
Kissing herThat e'er our hearts shall make!
[Aside] O, you are well tuned now!OTHELLO
But I'll set down the pegs that make this music,
As honest as I am.
Come, let us to the castle.IAGO
News, friends; our wars are done, the Turks
How does my old acquaintance of this isle?
Honey, you shall be well desired in Cyprus;
I have found great love amongst them. O my sweet,
I prattle out of fashion, and I dote
In mine own comforts. I prithee, good Iago,
Go to the bay and disembark my coffers:
Bring thou the master to the citadel;
He is a good one, and his worthiness
Does challenge much respect. Come, Desdemona,
Once more, well met at Cyprus.
Exeunt OTHELLO, DESDEMONA, and AttendantsDo thou meet me presently at the harbour. ComeRODERIGO
hither. If thou be'st valiant,-- as, they say, base
men being in love have then a nobility in their
natures more than is native to them--list me. The
lieutenant tonight watches on the court of
guard:--first, I must tell thee this--Desdemona is
directly in love with him.
With him! why, 'tis not possible.IAGO
Lay thy finger thus, and let thy soul be instructed.RODERIGO
Mark me with what violence she first loved the Moor,
but for bragging and telling her fantastical lies:
and will she love him still for prating? let not
thy discreet heart think it. Her eye must be fed;
and what delight shall she have to look on the
devil? When the blood is made dull with the act of
sport, there should be, again to inflame it and to
give satiety a fresh appetite, loveliness in favour,
sympathy in years, manners and beauties; all which
the Moor is defective in: now, for want of these
required conveniences, her delicate tenderness will
find itself abused, begin to heave the gorge,
disrelish and abhor the Moor; very nature will
instruct her in it and compel her to some second
choice. Now, sir, this granted,--as it is a most
pregnant and unforced position--who stands so
eminent in the degree of this fortune as Cassio
does? a knave very voluble; no further
conscionable than in putting on the mere form of
civil and humane seeming, for the better compassing
of his salt and most hidden loose affection? why,
none; why, none: a slipper and subtle knave, a
finder of occasions, that has an eye can stamp and
counterfeit advantages, though true advantage never
present itself; a devilish knave. Besides, the
knave is handsome, young, and hath all those
requisites in him that folly and green minds look
after: a pestilent complete knave; and the woman
hath found him already.
I cannot believe that in her; she's full ofIAGO
most blessed condition.
Blessed fig's-end! the wine she drinks is made ofRODERIGO
grapes: if she had been blessed, she would never
have loved the Moor. Blessed pudding! Didst thou
not see her paddle with the palm of his hand? didst
not mark that?
Yes, that I did; but that was but courtesy.IAGO
Lechery, by this hand; an index and obscure prologueRODERIGO
to the history of lust and foul thoughts. They met
so near with their lips that their breaths embraced
together. Villanous thoughts, Roderigo! when these
mutualities so marshal the way, hard at hand comes
the master and main exercise, the incorporate
conclusion, Pish! But, sir, be you ruled by me: I
have brought you from Venice. Watch you to-night;
for the command, I'll lay't upon you. Cassio knows
you not. I'll not be far from you: do you find
some occasion to anger Cassio, either by speaking
too loud, or tainting his discipline; or from what
other course you please, which the time shall more
Sir, he is rash and very sudden in choler, and haplyRODERIGO
may strike at you: provoke him, that he may; for
even out of that will I cause these of Cyprus to
mutiny; whose qualification shall come into no true
taste again but by the displanting of Cassio. So
shall you have a shorter journey to your desires by
the means I shall then have to prefer them; and the
impediment most profitably removed, without the
which there were no expectation of our prosperity.
I will do this, if I can bring it to anyIAGO
I warrant thee. Meet me by and by at the citadel:RODERIGO
I must fetch his necessaries ashore. Farewell.
ExitThat Cassio loves her, I do well believe it;
That she loves him, 'tis apt and of great credit:
The Moor, howbeit that I endure him not,
Is of a constant, loving, noble nature,
And I dare think he'll prove to Desdemona
A most dear husband. Now, I do love her too;
Not out of absolute lust, though peradventure
I stand accountant for as great a sin,
But partly led to diet my revenge,
For that I do suspect the lusty Moor
Hath leap'd into my seat; the thought whereof
Doth, like a poisonous mineral, gnaw my inwards;
And nothing can or shall content my soul
Till I am even'd with him, wife for wife,
Or failing so, yet that I put the Moor
At least into a jealousy so strong
That judgment cannot cure. Which thing to do,
If this poor trash of Venice, whom I trash
For his quick hunting, stand the putting on,
I'll have our Michael Cassio on the hip,
Abuse him to the Moor in the rank garb--
For I fear Cassio with my night-cap too--
Make the Moor thank me, love me and reward me.
For making him egregiously an ass
And practising upon his peace and quiet
Even to madness. 'Tis here, but yet confused:
Knavery's plain face is never seen tin used.
SCENE II. A street.Enter a Herald with a proclamation; People followingHeraldIt is Othello's pleasure, our noble and valiant
general, that, upon certain tidings now arrived,
importing the mere perdition of the Turkish fleet,
every man put himself into triumph; some to dance,
some to make bonfires, each man to what sport and
revels his addiction leads him: for, besides these
beneficial news, it is the celebration of his
nuptial. So much was his pleasure should be
proclaimed. All offices are open, and there is full
liberty of feasting from this present hour of five
till the bell have told eleven. Heaven bless the
isle of Cyprus and our noble general Othello!
SCENE III. A hall in the castle.Enter OTHELLO, DESDEMONA, CASSIO, and AttendantsOTHELLOGood Michael, look you to the guard to-night:CASSIO
Let's teach ourselves that honourable stop,
Not to outsport discretion.
Iago hath direction what to do;OTHELLO
But, notwithstanding, with my personal eye
Will I look to't.
Iago is most honest.CASSIO
Michael, good night: to-morrow with your earliest
Let me have speech with you.
To DESDEMONACome, my dear love,
The purchase made, the fruits are to ensue;
That profit's yet to come 'tween me and you.
Exeunt OTHELLO, DESDEMONA, and Attendants
Enter IAGOWelcome, Iago; we must to the watch.IAGO
Not this hour, lieutenant; 'tis not yet ten o' theCASSIO
clock. Our general cast us thus early for the love
of his Desdemona; who let us not therefore blame:
he hath not yet made wanton the night with her; and
she is sport for Jove.
She's a most exquisite lady.IAGO
And, I'll warrant her, fun of game.CASSIO
Indeed, she's a most fresh and delicate creature.IAGO
What an eye she has! methinks it sounds a parley ofCASSIO
An inviting eye; and yet methinks right modest.IAGO
And when she speaks, is it not an alarum to love?CASSIO
She is indeed perfection.IAGO
Well, happiness to their sheets! Come, lieutenant, ICASSIO
have a stoup of wine; and here without are a brace
of Cyprus gallants that would fain have a measure to
the health of black Othello.
Not to-night, good Iago: I have very poor andIAGO
unhappy brains for drinking: I could well wish
courtesy would invent some other custom of
O, they are our friends; but one cup: I'll drink forCASSIO
I have drunk but one cup to-night, and that wasIAGO
craftily qualified too, and, behold, what innovation
it makes here: I am unfortunate in the infirmity,
and dare not task my weakness with any more.
What, man! 'tis a night of revels: the gallantsCASSIO
Where are they?IAGO
Here at the door; I pray you, call them in.CASSIO
I'll do't; but it dislikes me.IAGO
ExitIf I can fasten but one cup upon him,CASSIO
With that which he hath drunk to-night already,
He'll be as full of quarrel and offence
As my young mistress' dog. Now, my sick fool Roderigo,
Whom love hath turn'd almost the wrong side out,
To Desdemona hath to-night caroused
Potations pottle-deep; and he's to watch:
Three lads of Cyprus, noble swelling spirits,
That hold their honours in a wary distance,
The very elements of this warlike isle,
Have I to-night fluster'd with flowing cups,
And they watch too. Now, 'mongst this flock of drunkards,
Am I to put our Cassio in some action
That may offend the isle.--But here they come:
If consequence do but approve my dream,
My boat sails freely, both with wind and stream.
Re-enter CASSIO; with him MONTANO and Gentlemen; servants following with wine'Fore God, they have given me a rouse already.MONTANO
Good faith, a little one; not past a pint, as I amIAGO
Some wine, ho!CASSIO
SingsAnd let me the canakin clink, clink;
And let me the canakin clink
A soldier's a man;
A life's but a span;
Why, then, let a soldier drink.
Some wine, boys!
'Fore God, an excellent song.IAGO
I learned it in England, where, indeed, they areCASSIO
most potent in potting: your Dane, your German, and
your swag-bellied Hollander--Drink, ho!--are nothing
to your English.
Is your Englishman so expert in his drinking?IAGO
Why, he drinks you, with facility, your Dane deadCASSIO
drunk; he sweats not to overthrow your Almain; he
gives your Hollander a vomit, ere the next pottle
can be filled.
To the health of our general!MONTANO
I am for it, lieutenant; and I'll do you justice.IAGO
O sweet England!CASSIO
King Stephen was a worthy peer,
His breeches cost him but a crown;
He held them sixpence all too dear,
With that he call'd the tailor lown.
He was a wight of high renown,
And thou art but of low degree:
'Tis pride that pulls the country down;
Then take thine auld cloak about thee.
Some wine, ho!
Why, this is a more exquisite song than the other.IAGO
Will you hear't again?CASSIO
No; for I hold him to be unworthy of his place thatIAGO
does those things. Well, God's above all; and there
be souls must be saved, and there be souls must not be saved.
It's true, good lieutenant.CASSIO
For mine own part,--no offence to the general, norIAGO
any man of quality,--I hope to be saved.
And so do I too, lieutenant.CASSIO
Ay, but, by your leave, not before me; theAll
lieutenant is to be saved before the ancient. Let's
have no more of this; let's to our affairs.--Forgive
us our sins!--Gentlemen, let's look to our business.
Do not think, gentlemen. I am drunk: this is my
ancient; this is my right hand, and this is my left:
I am not drunk now; I can stand well enough, and
speak well enough.
Why, very well then; you must not think then that I am drunk.MONTANO
ExitTo the platform, masters; come, let's set the watch.IAGO
You see this fellow that is gone before;MONTANO
He is a soldier fit to stand by Caesar
And give direction: and do but see his vice;
'Tis to his virtue a just equinox,
The one as long as the other: 'tis pity of him.
I fear the trust Othello puts him in.
On some odd time of his infirmity,
Will shake this island.
But is he often thus?IAGO
'Tis evermore the prologue to his sleep:MONTANO
He'll watch the horologe a double set,
If drink rock not his cradle.
It were wellIAGO
The general were put in mind of it.
Perhaps he sees it not; or his good nature
Prizes the virtue that appears in Cassio,
And looks not on his evils: is not this true?
Enter RODERIGO[Aside to him] How now, Roderigo!MONTANO
I pray you, after the lieutenant; go.
Exit RODERIGOAnd 'tis great pity that the noble MoorIAGO
Should hazard such a place as his own second
With one of an ingraft infirmity:
It were an honest action to say
So to the Moor.
Not I, for this fair island:CASSIO
I do love Cassio well; and would do much
To cure him of this evil--But, hark! what noise?
Cry within: 'Help! help!'
Re-enter CASSIO, driving in RODERIGOYou rogue! you rascal!MONTANO
What's the matter, lieutenant?CASSIO
A knave teach me my duty!RODERIGO
I'll beat the knave into a twiggen bottle.
Dost thou prate, rogue?MONTANO
Striking RODERIGONay, good lieutenant;CASSIO
Staying himI pray you, sir, hold your hand.
Let me go, sir,MONTANO
Or I'll knock you o'er the mazzard.
They fight[Aside to RODERIGO] Away, I say; go out, and cry a mutiny.OTHELLO
Exit RODERIGONay, good lieutenant,--alas, gentlemen;--
Help, masters!--Here's a goodly watch indeed!
Bell ringsWho's that which rings the bell?--Diablo, ho!
The town will rise: God's will, lieutenant, hold!
You will be shamed for ever.
Re-enter OTHELLO and AttendantsWhat is the matter here?MONTANO
'Zounds, I bleed still; I am hurt to the death.OTHELLO
FaintsHold, for your lives!IAGO
Hold, ho! Lieutenant,--sir--Montano,--gentlemen,--OTHELLO
Have you forgot all sense of place and duty?
Hold! the general speaks to you; hold, hold, for shame!
Why, how now, ho! from whence ariseth this?IAGO
Are we turn'd Turks, and to ourselves do that
Which heaven hath forbid the Ottomites?
For Christian shame, put by this barbarous brawl:
He that stirs next to carve for his own rage
Holds his soul light; he dies upon his motion.
Silence that dreadful bell: it frights the isle
From her propriety. What is the matter, masters?
Honest Iago, that look'st dead with grieving,
Speak, who began this? on thy love, I charge thee.
I do not know: friends all but now, even now,OTHELLO
In quarter, and in terms like bride and groom
Devesting them for bed; and then, but now--
As if some planet had unwitted men--
Swords out, and tilting one at other's breast,
In opposition bloody. I cannot speak
Any beginning to this peevish odds;
And would in action glorious I had lost
Those legs that brought me to a part of it!
How comes it, Michael, you are thus forgot?CASSIO
I pray you, pardon me; I cannot speak.OTHELLO
Worthy Montano, you were wont be civil;MONTANO
The gravity and stillness of your youth
The world hath noted, and your name is great
In mouths of wisest censure: what's the matter,
That you unlace your reputation thus
And spend your rich opinion for the name
Of a night-brawler? give me answer to it.
Worthy Othello, I am hurt to danger:OTHELLO
Your officer, Iago, can inform you,--
While I spare speech, which something now
Of all that I do know: nor know I aught
By me that's said or done amiss this night;
Unless self-charity be sometimes a vice,
And to defend ourselves it be a sin
When violence assails us.
Now, by heaven,MONTANO
My blood begins my safer guides to rule;
And passion, having my best judgment collied,
Assays to lead the way: if I once stir,
Or do but lift this arm, the best of you
Shall sink in my rebuke. Give me to know
How this foul rout began, who set it on;
And he that is approved in this offence,
Though he had twinn'd with me, both at a birth,
Shall lose me. What! in a town of war,
Yet wild, the people's hearts brimful of fear,
To manage private and domestic quarrel,
In night, and on the court and guard of safety!
'Tis monstrous. Iago, who began't?
If partially affined, or leagued in office,IAGO
Thou dost deliver more or less than truth,
Thou art no soldier.
Touch me not so near:OTHELLO
I had rather have this tongue cut from my mouth
Than it should do offence to Michael Cassio;
Yet, I persuade myself, to speak the truth
Shall nothing wrong him. Thus it is, general.
Montano and myself being in speech,
There comes a fellow crying out for help:
And Cassio following him with determined sword,
To execute upon him. Sir, this gentleman
Steps in to Cassio, and entreats his pause:
Myself the crying fellow did pursue,
Lest by his clamour--as it so fell out--
The town might fall in fright: he, swift of foot,
Outran my purpose; and I return'd the rather
For that I heard the clink and fall of swords,
And Cassio high in oath; which till to-night
I ne'er might say before. When I came back--
For this was brief--I found them close together,
At blow and thrust; even as again they were
When you yourself did part them.
More of this matter cannot I report:
But men are men; the best sometimes forget:
Though Cassio did some little wrong to him,
As men in rage strike those that wish them best,
Yet surely Cassio, I believe, received
From him that fled some strange indignity,
Which patience could not pass.
I know, Iago,DESDEMONA
Thy honesty and love doth mince this matter,
Making it light to Cassio. Cassio, I love thee
But never more be officer of mine.
Re-enter DESDEMONA, attendedLook, if my gentle love be not raised up!
I'll make thee an example.
What's the matter?OTHELLO
All's well now, sweeting; come away to bed.IAGO
Sir, for your hurts, myself will be your surgeon:
Lead him off.
To MONTANO, who is led offIago, look with care about the town,
And silence those whom this vile brawl distracted.
Come, Desdemona: 'tis the soldiers' life
To have their balmy slumbers waked with strife.
Exeunt all but IAGO and CASSIOWhat, are you hurt, lieutenant?CASSIO
Ay, past all surgery.IAGO
Marry, heaven forbid!CASSIO
Reputation, reputation, reputation! O, I have lostIAGO
my reputation! I have lost the immortal part of
myself, and what remains is bestial. My reputation,
Iago, my reputation!
As I am an honest man, I thought you had receivedCASSIO
some bodily wound; there is more sense in that than
in reputation. Reputation is an idle and most false
imposition: oft got without merit, and lost without
deserving: you have lost no reputation at all,
unless you repute yourself such a loser. What, man!
there are ways to recover the general again: you
are but now cast in his mood, a punishment more in
policy than in malice, even so as one would beat his
offenceless dog to affright an imperious lion: sue
to him again, and he's yours.
I will rather sue to be despised than to deceive soIAGO
good a commander with so slight, so drunken, and so
indiscreet an officer. Drunk? and speak parrot?
and squabble? swagger? swear? and discourse
fustian with one's own shadow? O thou invisible
spirit of wine, if thou hast no name to be known by,
let us call thee devil!
What was he that you followed with your sword? WhatCASSIO
had he done to you?
I know not.IAGO
I remember a mass of things, but nothing distinctly;IAGO
a quarrel, but nothing wherefore. O God, that men
should put an enemy in their mouths to steal away
their brains! that we should, with joy, pleasance
revel and applause, transform ourselves into beasts!
Why, but you are now well enough: how came you thusCASSIO
It hath pleased the devil drunkenness to give placeIAGO
to the devil wrath; one unperfectness shows me
another, to make me frankly despise myself.
Come, you are too severe a moraler: as the time,CASSIO
the place, and the condition of this country
stands, I could heartily wish this had not befallen;
but, since it is as it is, mend it for your own good.
I will ask him for my place again; he shall tell meIAGO
I am a drunkard! Had I as many mouths as Hydra,
such an answer would stop them all. To be now a
sensible man, by and by a fool, and presently a
beast! O strange! Every inordinate cup is
unblessed and the ingredient is a devil.
Come, come, good wine is a good familiar creature,CASSIO
if it be well used: exclaim no more against it.
And, good lieutenant, I think you think I love you.
I have well approved it, sir. I drunk!IAGO
You or any man living may be drunk! at a time, man.CASSIO
I'll tell you what you shall do. Our general's wife
is now the general: may say so in this respect, for
that he hath devoted and given up himself to the
contemplation, mark, and denotement of her parts and
graces: confess yourself freely to her; importune
her help to put you in your place again: she is of
so free, so kind, so apt, so blessed a disposition,
she holds it a vice in her goodness not to do more
than she is requested: this broken joint between
you and her husband entreat her to splinter; and, my
fortunes against any lay worth naming, this
crack of your love shall grow stronger than it was before.
You advise me well.IAGO
I protest, in the sincerity of love and honest kindness.CASSIO
I think it freely; and betimes in the morning I willIAGO
beseech the virtuous Desdemona to undertake for me:
I am desperate of my fortunes if they cheque me here.
You are in the right. Good night, lieutenant; IIAGO
must to the watch.
CASSIO: Good night, honest Iago.
ExitAnd what's he then that says I play the villain?RODERIGO
When this advice is free I give and honest,
Probal to thinking and indeed the course
To win the Moor again? For 'tis most easy
The inclining Desdemona to subdue
In any honest suit: she's framed as fruitful
As the free elements. And then for her
To win the Moor--were't to renounce his baptism,
All seals and symbols of redeemed sin,
His soul is so enfetter'd to her love,
That she may make, unmake, do what she list,
Even as her appetite shall play the god
With his weak function. How am I then a villain
To counsel Cassio to this parallel course,
Directly to his good? Divinity of hell!
When devils will the blackest sins put on,
They do suggest at first with heavenly shows,
As I do now: for whiles this honest fool
Plies Desdemona to repair his fortunes
And she for him pleads strongly to the Moor,
I'll pour this pestilence into his ear,
That she repeals him for her body's lust;
And by how much she strives to do him good,
She shall undo her credit with the Moor.
So will I turn her virtue into pitch,
And out of her own goodness make the net
That shall enmesh them all.
Re-enter RODERIGOHow now, Roderigo!
I do follow here in the chase, not like a hound thatIAGO
hunts, but one that fills up the cry. My money is
almost spent; I have been to-night exceedingly well
cudgelled; and I think the issue will be, I shall
have so much experience for my pains, and so, with
no money at all and a little more wit, return again to Venice.
How poor are they that have not patience!
What wound did ever heal but by degrees?
Thou know'st we work by wit, and not by witchcraft;
And wit depends on dilatory time.
Does't not go well? Cassio hath beaten thee.
And thou, by that small hurt, hast cashier'd Cassio:
Though other things grow fair against the sun,
Yet fruits that blossom first will first be ripe:
Content thyself awhile. By the mass, 'tis morning;
Pleasure and action make the hours seem short.
Retire thee; go where thou art billeted:
Away, I say; thou shalt know more hereafter:
Nay, get thee gone.
Exit RODERIGOTwo things are to be done:
My wife must move for Cassio to her mistress;
I'll set her on;
Myself the while to draw the Moor apart,
And bring him jump when he may Cassio find
Soliciting his wife: ay, that's the way
Dull not device by coldness and delay.
SCENE I. Before the castle.Enter CASSIO and some MusiciansCASSIOMasters, play here; I will content your pains;Clown
Something that's brief; and bid 'Good morrow, general.'
Enter ClownWhy masters, have your instruments been in Naples,First Musician
that they speak i' the nose thus?
How, sir, how!Clown
Are these, I pray you, wind-instruments?First Musician
Ay, marry, are they, sir.Clown
O, thereby hangs a tail.First Musician
Whereby hangs a tale, sir?Clown
Marry. sir, by many a wind-instrument that I know.First Musician
But, masters, here's money for you: and the general
so likes your music, that he desires you, for love's
sake, to make no more noise with it.
Well, sir, we will not.Clown
If you have any music that may not be heard, to'tFirst Musician
again: but, as they say to hear music the general
does not greatly care.
We have none such, sir.Clown
Then put up your pipes in your bag, for I'll away:CASSIO
go; vanish into air; away!
Exeunt MusiciansDost thou hear, my honest friend?Clown
No, I hear not your honest friend; I hear you.CASSIO
Prithee, keep up thy quillets. There's a poor pieceClown
of gold for thee: if the gentlewoman that attends
the general's wife be stirring, tell her there's
one Cassio entreats her a little favour of speech:
wilt thou do this?
She is stirring, sir: if she will stir hither, ICASSIO
shall seem to notify unto her.
Do, good my friend.IAGO
Enter IAGOIn happy time, Iago.
You have not been a-bed, then?CASSIO
Why, no; the day had brokeIAGO
Before we parted. I have made bold, Iago,
To send in to your wife: my suit to her
Is, that she will to virtuous Desdemona
Procure me some access.
I'll send her to you presently;CASSIO
And I'll devise a mean to draw the Moor
Out of the way, that your converse and business
May be more free.
I humbly thank you for't.EMILIA
Exit IAGOI never knew
A Florentine more kind and honest.
Enter EMILIAGood morrow, good Lieutenant: I am sorryCASSIO
For your displeasure; but all will sure be well.
The general and his wife are talking of it;
And she speaks for you stoutly: the Moor replies,
That he you hurt is of great fame in Cyprus,
And great affinity, and that in wholesome wisdom
He might not but refuse you; but he protests he loves you
And needs no other suitor but his likings
To take the safest occasion by the front
To bring you in again.
Yet, I beseech you,EMILIA
If you think fit, or that it may be done,
Give me advantage of some brief discourse
With Desdemona alone.
Pray you, come in;CASSIO
I will bestow you where you shall have time
To speak your bosom freely.
I am much bound to you.
SCENE II. A room in the castle.Enter OTHELLO, IAGO, and GentlemenOTHELLOThese letters give, Iago, to the pilot;IAGO
And by him do my duties to the senate:
That done, I will be walking on the works;
Repair there to me.
Well, my good lord, I'll do't.OTHELLO
This fortification, gentlemen, shall we see't?Gentleman
We'll wait upon your lordship.
SCENE III. The garden of the castle.Enter DESDEMONA, CASSIO, and EMILIADESDEMONABe thou assured, good Cassio, I will doEMILIA
All my abilities in thy behalf.
Good madam, do: I warrant it grieves my husband,DESDEMONA
As if the case were his.
O, that's an honest fellow. Do not doubt, Cassio,CASSIO
But I will have my lord and you again
As friendly as you were.
Whatever shall become of Michael Cassio,
He's never any thing but your true servant.
I know't; I thank you. You do love my lord:CASSIO
You have known him long; and be you well assured
He shall in strangeness stand no further off
Than in a polite distance.
Ay, but, lady,DESDEMONA
That policy may either last so long,
Or feed upon such nice and waterish diet,
Or breed itself so out of circumstance,
That, I being absent and my place supplied,
My general will forget my love and service.
Do not doubt that; before Emilia hereEMILIA
I give thee warrant of thy place: assure thee,
If I do vow a friendship, I'll perform it
To the last article: my lord shall never rest;
I'll watch him tame and talk him out of patience;
His bed shall seem a school, his board a shrift;
I'll intermingle every thing he does
With Cassio's suit: therefore be merry, Cassio;
For thy solicitor shall rather die
Than give thy cause away.
Madam, here comes my lord.CASSIO
Madam, I'll take my leave.DESDEMONA
Why, stay, and hear me speak.CASSIO
Madam, not now: I am very ill at ease,DESDEMONA
Unfit for mine own purposes.
Well, do your discretion.IAGO
Enter OTHELLO and IAGOHa! I like not that.OTHELLO
What dost thou say?IAGO
Nothing, my lord: or if--I know not what.OTHELLO
Was not that Cassio parted from my wife?IAGO
Cassio, my lord! No, sure, I cannot think it,OTHELLO
That he would steal away so guilty-like,
Seeing you coming.
I do believe 'twas he.DESDEMONA
How now, my lord!OTHELLO
I have been talking with a suitor here,
A man that languishes in your displeasure.
Who is't you mean?DESDEMONA
Why, your lieutenant, Cassio. Good my lord,OTHELLO
If I have any grace or power to move you,
His present reconciliation take;
For if he be not one that truly loves you,
That errs in ignorance and not in cunning,
I have no judgment in an honest face:
I prithee, call him back.
Went he hence now?DESDEMONA
Ay, sooth; so humbledOTHELLO
That he hath left part of his grief with me,
To suffer with him. Good love, call him back.
Not now, sweet Desdemona; some other time.DESDEMONA
But shall't be shortly?OTHELLO
The sooner, sweet, for you.DESDEMONA
Shall't be to-night at supper?OTHELLO
No, not to-night.DESDEMONA
To-morrow dinner, then?OTHELLO
I shall not dine at home;DESDEMONA
I meet the captains at the citadel.
Why, then, to-morrow night; or Tuesday morn;OTHELLO
On Tuesday noon, or night; on Wednesday morn:
I prithee, name the time, but let it not
Exceed three days: in faith, he's penitent;
And yet his trespass, in our common reason--
Save that, they say, the wars must make examples
Out of their best--is not almost a fault
To incur a private cheque. When shall he come?
Tell me, Othello: I wonder in my soul,
What you would ask me, that I should deny,
Or stand so mammering on. What! Michael Cassio,
That came a-wooing with you, and so many a time,
When I have spoke of you dispraisingly,
Hath ta'en your part; to have so much to do
To bring him in! Trust me, I could do much,--
Prithee, no more: let him come when he will;DESDEMONA
I will deny thee nothing.
Why, this is not a boon;OTHELLO
'Tis as I should entreat you wear your gloves,
Or feed on nourishing dishes, or keep you warm,
Or sue to you to do a peculiar profit
To your own person: nay, when I have a suit
Wherein I mean to touch your love indeed,
It shall be full of poise and difficult weight
And fearful to be granted.
I will deny thee nothing:DESDEMONA
Whereon, I do beseech thee, grant me this,
To leave me but a little to myself.
Shall I deny you? no: farewell, my lord.OTHELLO
Farewell, my Desdemona: I'll come to thee straight.DESDEMONA
Emilia, come. Be as your fancies teach you;OTHELLO
Whate'er you be, I am obedient.
Exeunt DESDEMONA and EMILIAExcellent wretch! Perdition catch my soul,IAGO
But I do love thee! and when I love thee not,
Chaos is come again.
My noble lord--OTHELLO
What dost thou say, Iago?IAGO
Did Michael Cassio, when you woo'd my lady,OTHELLO
Know of your love?
He did, from first to last: why dost thou ask?IAGO
But for a satisfaction of my thought;OTHELLO
No further harm.
Why of thy thought, Iago?IAGO
I did not think he had been acquainted with her.OTHELLO
O, yes; and went between us very oft.IAGO
Indeed! ay, indeed: discern'st thou aught in that?IAGO
Is he not honest?
Honest, my lord!OTHELLO
Honest! ay, honest.IAGO
My lord, for aught I know.OTHELLO
What dost thou think?IAGO
Think, my lord!OTHELLO
Think, my lord!IAGO
By heaven, he echoes me,
As if there were some monster in his thought
Too hideous to be shown. Thou dost mean something:
I heard thee say even now, thou likedst not that,
When Cassio left my wife: what didst not like?
And when I told thee he was of my counsel
In my whole course of wooing, thou criedst 'Indeed!'
And didst contract and purse thy brow together,
As if thou then hadst shut up in thy brain
Some horrible conceit: if thou dost love me,
Show me thy thought.
My lord, you know I love you.OTHELLO
I think thou dost;IAGO
And, for I know thou'rt full of love and honesty,
And weigh'st thy words before thou givest them breath,
Therefore these stops of thine fright me the more:
For such things in a false disloyal knave
Are tricks of custom, but in a man that's just
They are close delations, working from the heart
That passion cannot rule.
For Michael Cassio,OTHELLO
I dare be sworn I think that he is honest.
I think so too.IAGO
Men should be what they seem;OTHELLO
Or those that be not, would they might seem none!
Certain, men should be what they seem.IAGO
Why, then, I think Cassio's an honest man.OTHELLO
Nay, yet there's more in this:IAGO
I prithee, speak to me as to thy thinkings,
As thou dost ruminate, and give thy worst of thoughts
The worst of words.
Good my lord, pardon me:OTHELLO
Though I am bound to every act of duty,
I am not bound to that all slaves are free to.
Utter my thoughts? Why, say they are vile and false;
As where's that palace whereinto foul things
Sometimes intrude not? who has a breast so pure,
But some uncleanly apprehensions
Keep leets and law-days and in session sit
With meditations lawful?
Thou dost conspire against thy friend, Iago,IAGO
If thou but think'st him wrong'd and makest his ear
A stranger to thy thoughts.
I do beseech you--OTHELLO
Though I perchance am vicious in my guess,
As, I confess, it is my nature's plague
To spy into abuses, and oft my jealousy
Shapes faults that are not--that your wisdom yet,
From one that so imperfectly conceits,
Would take no notice, nor build yourself a trouble
Out of his scattering and unsure observance.
It were not for your quiet nor your good,
Nor for my manhood, honesty, or wisdom,
To let you know my thoughts.
What dost thou mean?IAGO
Good name in man and woman, dear my lord,OTHELLO
Is the immediate jewel of their souls:
Who steals my purse steals trash; 'tis something, nothing;
'Twas mine, 'tis his, and has been slave to thousands:
But he that filches from me my good name
Robs me of that which not enriches him
And makes me poor indeed.
By heaven, I'll know thy thoughts.IAGO
You cannot, if my heart were in your hand;OTHELLO
Nor shall not, whilst 'tis in my custody.
O, beware, my lord, of jealousy;OTHELLO
It is the green-eyed monster which doth mock
The meat it feeds on; that cuckold lives in bliss
Who, certain of his fate, loves not his wronger;
But, O, what damned minutes tells he o'er
Who dotes, yet doubts, suspects, yet strongly loves!
Poor and content is rich and rich enough,OTHELLO
But riches fineless is as poor as winter
To him that ever fears he shall be poor.
Good heaven, the souls of all my tribe defend
Why, why is this?IAGO
Think'st thou I'ld make a lie of jealousy,
To follow still the changes of the moon
With fresh suspicions? No; to be once in doubt
Is once to be resolved: exchange me for a goat,
When I shall turn the business of my soul
To such exsufflicate and blown surmises,
Matching thy inference. 'Tis not to make me jealous
To say my wife is fair, feeds well, loves company,
Is free of speech, sings, plays and dances well;
Where virtue is, these are more virtuous:
Nor from mine own weak merits will I draw
The smallest fear or doubt of her revolt;
For she had eyes, and chose me. No, Iago;
I'll see before I doubt; when I doubt, prove;
And on the proof, there is no more but this,--
Away at once with love or jealousy!
I am glad of it; for now I shall have reasonOTHELLO
To show the love and duty that I bear you
With franker spirit: therefore, as I am bound,
Receive it from me. I speak not yet of proof.
Look to your wife; observe her well with Cassio;
Wear your eye thus, not jealous nor secure:
I would not have your free and noble nature,
Out of self-bounty, be abused; look to't:
I know our country disposition well;
In Venice they do let heaven see the pranks
They dare not show their husbands; their best conscience
Is not to leave't undone, but keep't unknown.
Dost thou say so?IAGO
She did deceive her father, marrying you;OTHELLO
And when she seem'd to shake and fear your looks,
She loved them most.
And so she did.IAGO
Why, go to then;OTHELLO
She that, so young, could give out such a seeming,
To seal her father's eyes up close as oak-
He thought 'twas witchcraft--but I am much to blame;
I humbly do beseech you of your pardon
For too much loving you.
I am bound to thee for ever.IAGO
I see this hath a little dash'd your spirits.OTHELLO
Not a jot, not a jot.IAGO
I' faith, I fear it has.OTHELLO
I hope you will consider what is spoke
Comes from my love. But I do see you're moved:
I am to pray you not to strain my speech
To grosser issues nor to larger reach
Than to suspicion.
I will not.IAGO
Should you do so, my lord,OTHELLO
My speech should fall into such vile success
As my thoughts aim not at. Cassio's my worthy friend--
My lord, I see you're moved.
No, not much moved:IAGO
I do not think but Desdemona's honest.
Long live she so! and long live you to think so!OTHELLO
And yet, how nature erring from itself,--IAGO
Ay, there's the point: as--to be bold with you--OTHELLO
Not to affect many proposed matches
Of her own clime, complexion, and degree,
Whereto we see in all things nature tends--
Foh! one may smell in such a will most rank,
Foul disproportion thoughts unnatural.
But pardon me; I do not in position
Distinctly speak of her; though I may fear
Her will, recoiling to her better judgment,
May fall to match you with her country forms
And happily repent.
If more thou dost perceive, let me know more;
Set on thy wife to observe: leave me, Iago:
[Going] My lord, I take my leave.OTHELLO
Why did I marry? This honest creature doubtlessIAGO
Sees and knows more, much more, than he unfolds.
[Returning] My lord, I would I might entreatOTHELLO
To scan this thing no further; leave it to time:
Though it be fit that Cassio have his place,
For sure, he fills it up with great ability,
Yet, if you please to hold him off awhile,
You shall by that perceive him and his means:
Note, if your lady strain his entertainment
With any strong or vehement importunity;
Much will be seen in that. In the mean time,
Let me be thought too busy in my fears--
As worthy cause I have to fear I am--
And hold her free, I do beseech your honour.
Fear not my government.IAGO
I once more take my leave.OTHELLO
ExitThis fellow's of exceeding honesty,DESDEMONA
And knows all qualities, with a learned spirit,
Of human dealings. If I do prove her haggard,
Though that her jesses were my dear heartstrings,
I'ld whistle her off and let her down the wind,
To pray at fortune. Haply, for I am black
And have not those soft parts of conversation
That chamberers have, or for I am declined
Into the vale of years,--yet that's not much--
She's gone. I am abused; and my relief
Must be to loathe her. O curse of marriage,
That we can call these delicate creatures ours,
And not their appetites! I had rather be a toad,
And live upon the vapour of a dungeon,
Than keep a corner in the thing I love
For others' uses. Yet, 'tis the plague of great ones;
Prerogatived are they less than the base;
'Tis destiny unshunnable, like death:
Even then this forked plague is fated to us
When we do quicken. Desdemona comes:
Re-enter DESDEMONA and EMILIAIf she be false, O, then heaven mocks itself!
I'll not believe't.
How now, my dear Othello!OTHELLO
Your dinner, and the generous islanders
By you invited, do attend your presence.
I am to blame.DESDEMONA
Why do you speak so faintly?OTHELLO
Are you not well?
I have a pain upon my forehead here.DESDEMONA
'Faith, that's with watching; 'twill away again:OTHELLO
Let me but bind it hard, within this hour
It will be well.
Your napkin is too little:DESDEMONA
He puts the handkerchief from him; and it dropsLet it alone. Come, I'll go in with you.
I am very sorry that you are not well.EMILIA
Exeunt OTHELLO and DESDEMONAI am glad I have found this napkin:IAGO
This was her first remembrance from the Moor:
My wayward husband hath a hundred times
Woo'd me to steal it; but she so loves the token,
For he conjured her she should ever keep it,
That she reserves it evermore about her
To kiss and talk to. I'll have the work ta'en out,
And give't Iago: what he will do with it
Heaven knows, not I;
I nothing but to please his fantasy.
Re-enter IagoHow now! what do you here alone?EMILIA
Do not you chide; I have a thing for you.IAGO
A thing for me? it is a common thing--EMILIA
To have a foolish wife.EMILIA
O, is that all? What will you give me nowIAGO
For the same handkerchief?
Why, that the Moor first gave to Desdemona;
That which so often you did bid me steal.
Hast stol'n it from her?EMILIA
No, 'faith; she let it drop by negligence.IAGO
And, to the advantage, I, being here, took't up.
Look, here it is.
A good wench; give it me.EMILIA
What will you do with 't, that you have beenIAGO
To have me filch it?
[Snatching it] Why, what's that to you?EMILIA
If it be not for some purpose of import,IAGO
Give't me again: poor lady, she'll run mad
When she shall lack it.
Be not acknown on 't; I have use for it.OTHELLO
Go, leave me.
Exit EMILIAI will in Cassio's lodging lose this napkin,
And let him find it. Trifles light as air
Are to the jealous confirmations strong
As proofs of holy writ: this may do something.
The Moor already changes with my poison:
Dangerous conceits are, in their natures, poisons.
Which at the first are scarce found to distaste,
But with a little act upon the blood.
Burn like the mines of Sulphur. I did say so:
Look, where he comes!
Re-enter OTHELLONot poppy, nor mandragora,
Nor all the drowsy syrups of the world,
Shall ever medicine thee to that sweet sleep
Which thou owedst yesterday.
Ha! ha! false to me?IAGO
Why, how now, general! no more of that.OTHELLO
Avaunt! be gone! thou hast set me on the rack:IAGO
I swear 'tis better to be much abused
Than but to know't a little.
How now, my lord!OTHELLO
What sense had I of her stol'n hours of lust?IAGO
I saw't not, thought it not, it harm'd not me:
I slept the next night well, was free and merry;
I found not Cassio's kisses on her lips:
He that is robb'd, not wanting what is stol'n,
Let him not know't, and he's not robb'd at all.
I am sorry to hear this.OTHELLO
I had been happy, if the general camp,IAGO
Pioners and all, had tasted her sweet body,
So I had nothing known. O, now, for ever
Farewell the tranquil mind! farewell content!
Farewell the plumed troop, and the big wars,
That make ambition virtue! O, farewell!
Farewell the neighing steed, and the shrill trump,
The spirit-stirring drum, the ear-piercing fife,
The royal banner, and all quality,
Pride, pomp and circumstance of glorious war!
And, O you mortal engines, whose rude throats
The immortal Jove's dead clamours counterfeit,
Farewell! Othello's occupation's gone!
Is't possible, my lord?OTHELLO
Villain, be sure thou prove my love a whore,IAGO
Be sure of it; give me the ocular proof:
Or by the worth of man's eternal soul,
Thou hadst been better have been born a dog
Than answer my waked wrath!
Is't come to this?OTHELLO
Make me to see't; or, at the least, so prove it,IAGO
That the probation bear no hinge nor loop
To hang a doubt on; or woe upon thy life!
My noble lord,--OTHELLO
If thou dost slander her and torture me,IAGO
Never pray more; abandon all remorse;
On horror's head horrors accumulate;
Do deeds to make heaven weep, all earth amazed;
For nothing canst thou to damnation add
Greater than that.
O grace! O heaven forgive me!OTHELLO
Are you a man? have you a soul or sense?
God be wi' you; take mine office. O wretched fool.
That livest to make thine honesty a vice!
O monstrous world! Take note, take note, O world,
To be direct and honest is not safe.
I thank you for this profit; and from hence
I'll love no friend, sith love breeds such offence.
Nay, stay: thou shouldst be honest.IAGO
I should be wise, for honesty's a foolOTHELLO
And loses that it works for.
By the world,IAGO
I think my wife be honest and think she is not;
I think that thou art just and think thou art not.
I'll have some proof. Her name, that was as fresh
As Dian's visage, is now begrimed and black
As mine own face. If there be cords, or knives,
Poison, or fire, or suffocating streams,
I'll not endure it. Would I were satisfied!
I see, sir, you are eaten up with passion:OTHELLO
I do repent me that I put it to you.
You would be satisfied?
Would! nay, I will.IAGO
And may: but, how? how satisfied, my lord?OTHELLO
Would you, the supervisor, grossly gape on--
Behold her topp'd?
Death and damnation! O!IAGO
It were a tedious difficulty, I think,OTHELLO
To bring them to that prospect: damn them then,
If ever mortal eyes do see them bolster
More than their own! What then? how then?
What shall I say? Where's satisfaction?
It is impossible you should see this,
Were they as prime as goats, as hot as monkeys,
As salt as wolves in pride, and fools as gross
As ignorance made drunk. But yet, I say,
If imputation and strong circumstances,
Which lead directly to the door of truth,
Will give you satisfaction, you may have't.
Give me a living reason she's disloyal.IAGO
I do not like the office:OTHELLO
But, sith I am enter'd in this cause so far,
Prick'd to't by foolish honesty and love,
I will go on. I lay with Cassio lately;
And, being troubled with a raging tooth,
I could not sleep.
There are a kind of men so loose of soul,
That in their sleeps will mutter their affairs:
One of this kind is Cassio:
In sleep I heard him say 'Sweet Desdemona,
Let us be wary, let us hide our loves;'
And then, sir, would he gripe and wring my hand,
Cry 'O sweet creature!' and then kiss me hard,
As if he pluck'd up kisses by the roots
That grew upon my lips: then laid his leg
Over my thigh, and sigh'd, and kiss'd; and then
Cried 'Cursed fate that gave thee to the Moor!'
O monstrous! monstrous!IAGO
Nay, this was but his dream.OTHELLO
But this denoted a foregone conclusion:IAGO
'Tis a shrewd doubt, though it be but a dream.
And this may help to thicken other proofsOTHELLO
That do demonstrate thinly.
I'll tear her all to pieces.IAGO
Nay, but be wise: yet we see nothing done;OTHELLO
She may be honest yet. Tell me but this,
Have you not sometimes seen a handkerchief
Spotted with strawberries in your wife's hand?
I gave her such a one; 'twas my first gift.IAGO
I know not that; but such a handkerchief--OTHELLO
I am sure it was your wife's--did I to-day
See Cassio wipe his beard with.
If it be that--IAGO
If it be that, or any that was hers,OTHELLO
It speaks against her with the other proofs.
O, that the slave had forty thousand lives!IAGO
One is too poor, too weak for my revenge.
Now do I see 'tis true. Look here, Iago;
All my fond love thus do I blow to heaven.
Arise, black vengeance, from thy hollow cell!
Yield up, O love, thy crown and hearted throne
To tyrannous hate! Swell, bosom, with thy fraught,
For 'tis of aspics' tongues!
Yet be content.OTHELLO
O, blood, blood, blood!IAGO
Patience, I say; your mind perhaps may change.OTHELLO
Never, Iago: Like to the Pontic sea,IAGO
Whose icy current and compulsive course
Ne'er feels retiring ebb, but keeps due on
To the Propontic and the Hellespont,
Even so my bloody thoughts, with violent pace,
Shall ne'er look back, ne'er ebb to humble love,
Till that a capable and wide revenge
Swallow them up. Now, by yond marble heaven,
KneelsIn the due reverence of a sacred vow
I here engage my words.
Do not rise yet.OTHELLO
KneelsWitness, you ever-burning lights above,
You elements that clip us round about,
Witness that here Iago doth give up
The execution of his wit, hands, heart,
To wrong'd Othello's service! Let him command,
And to obey shall be in me remorse,
What bloody business ever.
They riseI greet thy love,IAGO
Not with vain thanks, but with acceptance bounteous,
And will upon the instant put thee to't:
Within these three days let me hear thee say
That Cassio's not alive.
My friend is dead; 'tis done at your request:OTHELLO
But let her live.
Damn her, lewd minx! O, damn her!IAGO
Come, go with me apart; I will withdraw,
To furnish me with some swift means of death
For the fair devil. Now art thou my lieutenant.
I am your own for ever.
SCENE IV. Before the castle.Enter DESDEMONA, EMILIA, and ClownDESDEMONADo you know, sirrah, where Lieutenant Cassio lies?Clown
I dare not say he lies any where.DESDEMONA
He's a soldier, and for one to say a soldier lies,DESDEMONA
Go to: where lodges he?Clown
To tell you where he lodges, is to tell you where I lie.DESDEMONA
Can any thing be made of this?Clown
I know not where he lodges, and for me to devise aDESDEMONA
lodging and say he lies here or he lies there, were
to lie in mine own throat.
Can you inquire him out, and be edified by report?Clown
I will catechise the world for him; that is, makeDESDEMONA
questions, and by them answer.
Seek him, bid him come hither: tell him I haveClown
moved my lord on his behalf, and hope all will be well.
To do this is within the compass of man's wit: andDESDEMONA
therefore I will attempt the doing it.
ExitWhere should I lose that handkerchief, Emilia?EMILIA
I know not, madam.DESDEMONA
Believe me, I had rather have lost my purseEMILIA
Full of crusadoes: and, but my noble Moor
Is true of mind and made of no such baseness
As jealous creatures are, it were enough
To put him to ill thinking.
Is he not jealous?DESDEMONA
Who, he? I think the sun where he was bornEMILIA
Drew all such humours from him.
Look, where he comes.DESDEMONA
I will not leave him now till CassioOTHELLO
Be call'd to him.
Enter OTHELLOHow is't with you, my lord
Well, my good lady.DESDEMONA
AsideO, hardness to dissemble!--
How do you, Desdemona?
Well, my good lord.OTHELLO
Give me your hand: this hand is moist, my lady.DESDEMONA
It yet hath felt no age nor known no sorrow.OTHELLO
This argues fruitfulness and liberal heart:DESDEMONA
Hot, hot, and moist: this hand of yours requires
A sequester from liberty, fasting and prayer,
Much castigation, exercise devout;
For here's a young and sweating devil here,
That commonly rebels. 'Tis a good hand,
A frank one.
You may, indeed, say so;OTHELLO
For 'twas that hand that gave away my heart.
A liberal hand: the hearts of old gave hands;DESDEMONA
But our new heraldry is hands, not hearts.
I cannot speak of this. Come now, your promise.OTHELLO
What promise, chuck?DESDEMONA
I have sent to bid Cassio come speak with you.OTHELLO
I have a salt and sorry rheum offends me;DESDEMONA
Lend me thy handkerchief.
Here, my lord.OTHELLO
That which I gave you.DESDEMONA
I have it not about me.OTHELLO
No, indeed, my lord.OTHELLO
That is a fault.DESDEMONA
Did an Egyptian to my mother give;
She was a charmer, and could almost read
The thoughts of people: she told her, while
she kept it,
'Twould make her amiable and subdue my father
Entirely to her love, but if she lost it
Or made gift of it, my father's eye
Should hold her loathed and his spirits should hunt
After new fancies: she, dying, gave it me;
And bid me, when my fate would have me wive,
To give it her. I did so: and take heed on't;
Make it a darling like your precious eye;
To lose't or give't away were such perdition
As nothing else could match.
'Tis true: there's magic in the web of it:DESDEMONA
A sibyl, that had number'd in the world
The sun to course two hundred compasses,
In her prophetic fury sew'd the work;
The worms were hallow'd that did breed the silk;
And it was dyed in mummy which the skilful
Conserved of maidens' hearts.
Indeed! is't true?OTHELLO
Most veritable; therefore look to't well.DESDEMONA
Then would to God that I had never seen't!OTHELLO
Why do you speak so startingly and rash?OTHELLO
Is't lost? is't gone? speak, is it outDESDEMONA
o' the way?
Heaven bless us!OTHELLO
It is not lost; but what an if it were?OTHELLO
I say, it is not lost.OTHELLO
Fetch't, let me see't.DESDEMONA
Why, so I can, sir, but I will not now.OTHELLO
This is a trick to put me from my suit:
Pray you, let Cassio be received again.
Fetch me the handkerchief: my mind misgives.DESDEMONA
You'll never meet a more sufficient man.
I pray, talk me of Cassio.OTHELLO
A man that all his timeOTHELLO
Hath founded his good fortunes on your love,
Shared dangers with you,--
In sooth, you are to blame.OTHELLO
ExitIs not this man jealous?DESDEMONA
I ne'er saw this before.EMILIA
Sure, there's some wonder in this handkerchief:
I am most unhappy in the loss of it.
'Tis not a year or two shows us a man:IAGO
They are all but stomachs, and we all but food;
To eat us hungerly, and when they are full,
They belch us. Look you, Cassio and my husband!
Enter CASSIO and IAGOThere is no other way; 'tis she must do't:DESDEMONA
And, lo, the happiness! go, and importune her.
How now, good Cassio! what's the news with you?CASSIO
Madam, my former suit: I do beseech youDESDEMONA
That by your virtuous means I may again
Exist, and be a member of his love
Whom I with all the office of my heart
Entirely honour: I would not be delay'd.
If my offence be of such mortal kind
That nor my service past, nor present sorrows,
Nor purposed merit in futurity,
Can ransom me into his love again,
But to know so must be my benefit;
So shall I clothe me in a forced content,
And shut myself up in some other course,
To fortune's alms.
Alas, thrice-gentle Cassio!IAGO
My advocation is not now in tune;
My lord is not my lord; nor should I know him,
Were he in favour as in humour alter'd.
So help me every spirit sanctified,
As I have spoken for you all my best
And stood within the blank of his displeasure
For my free speech! you must awhile be patient:
What I can do I will; and more I will
Than for myself I dare: let that suffice you.
Is my lord angry?EMILIA
He went hence but now,IAGO
And certainly in strange unquietness.
Can he be angry? I have seen the cannon,DESDEMONA
When it hath blown his ranks into the air,
And, like the devil, from his very arm
Puff'd his own brother:--and can he be angry?
Something of moment then: I will go meet him:
There's matter in't indeed, if he be angry.
I prithee, do so.EMILIA
Exit IAGOSomething, sure, of state,
Either from Venice, or some unhatch'd practise
Made demonstrable here in Cyprus to him,
Hath puddled his clear spirit: and in such cases
Men's natures wrangle with inferior things,
Though great ones are their object. 'Tis even so;
For let our finger ache, and it indues
Our other healthful members even to that sense
Of pain: nay, we must think men are not gods,
Nor of them look for such observances
As fit the bridal. Beshrew me much, Emilia,
I was, unhandsome warrior as I am,
Arraigning his unkindness with my soul;
But now I find I had suborn'd the witness,
And he's indicted falsely.
Pray heaven it be state-matters, as you think,DESDEMONA
And no conception nor no jealous toy
Alas the day! I never gave him cause.EMILIA
But jealous souls will not be answer'd so;DESDEMONA
They are not ever jealous for the cause,
But jealous for they are jealous: 'tis a monster
Begot upon itself, born on itself.
Heaven keep that monster from Othello's mind!EMILIA
I will go seek him. Cassio, walk hereabout:CASSIO
If I do find him fit, I'll move your suit
And seek to effect it to my uttermost.
I humbly thank your ladyship.BIANCA
Exeunt DESDEMONA and EMILIA
Enter BIANCASave you, friend Cassio!CASSIO
What make you from home?BIANCA
How is it with you, my most fair Bianca?
I' faith, sweet love, I was coming to your house.
And I was going to your lodging, Cassio.CASSIO
What, keep a week away? seven days and nights?
Eight score eight hours? and lovers' absent hours,
More tedious than the dial eight score times?
O weary reckoning!
Pardon me, Bianca:BIANCA
I have this while with leaden thoughts been press'd:
But I shall, in a more continuate time,
Strike off this score of absence. Sweet Bianca,
Giving her DESDEMONA's handkerchiefTake me this work out.
O Cassio, whence came this?CASSIO
This is some token from a newer friend:
To the felt absence now I feel a cause:
Is't come to this? Well, well.
Go to, woman!BIANCA
Throw your vile guesses in the devil's teeth,
From whence you have them. You are jealous now
That this is from some mistress, some remembrance:
No, in good troth, Bianca.
Why, whose is it?CASSIO
I know not, sweet: I found it in my chamber.BIANCA
I like the work well: ere it be demanded--
As like enough it will--I'ld have it copied:
Take it, and do't; and leave me for this time.
Leave you! wherefore?CASSIO
I do attend here on the general;BIANCA
And think it no addition, nor my wish,
To have him see me woman'd.
Why, I pray you?CASSIO
Not that I love you not.BIANCA
But that you do not love me.CASSIO
I pray you, bring me on the way a little,
And say if I shall see you soon at night.
'Tis but a little way that I can bring you;BIANCA
For I attend here: but I'll see you soon.
'Tis very good; I must be circumstanced.
SCENE I. Cyprus. Before the castle.Enter OTHELLO and IAGOIAGOWill you think so?OTHELLO
Think so, Iago!IAGO
To kiss in private?
An unauthorized kiss.IAGO
Or to be naked with her friend in bedOTHELLO
An hour or more, not meaning any harm?
Naked in bed, Iago, and not mean harm!IAGO
It is hypocrisy against the devil:
They that mean virtuously, and yet do so,
The devil their virtue tempts, and they tempt heaven.
So they do nothing, 'tis a venial slip:OTHELLO
But if I give my wife a handkerchief,--
Why, then, 'tis hers, my lord; and, being hers,OTHELLO
She may, I think, bestow't on any man.
She is protectress of her honour too:IAGO
May she give that?
Her honour is an essence that's not seen;OTHELLO
They have it very oft that have it not:
But, for the handkerchief,--
By heaven, I would most gladly have forgot it.IAGO
Thou said'st, it comes o'er my memory,
As doth the raven o'er the infected house,
Boding to all--he had my handkerchief.
Ay, what of that?OTHELLO
That's not so good now.IAGO
If I had said I had seen him do you wrong?
Or heard him say,--as knaves be such abroad,
Who having, by their own importunate suit,
Or voluntary dotage of some mistress,
Convinced or supplied them, cannot choose
But they must blab--
Hath he said any thing?IAGO
He hath, my lord; but be you well assured,OTHELLO
No more than he'll unswear.
What hath he said?IAGO
'Faith, that he did--I know not what he did.OTHELLO
With her, on her; what you will.OTHELLO
Lie with her! lie on her! We say lie on her, whenIAGO
they belie her. Lie with her! that's fulsome.
confess, and be hanged for his labour;--first, to be
hanged, and then to confess.--I tremble at it.
Nature would not invest herself in such shadowing
passion without some instruction. It is not words
that shake me thus. Pish! Noses, ears, and lips.
--Is't possible?--Confess--handkerchief!--O devil!--
Falls in a tranceWork on,CASSIO
My medicine, work! Thus credulous fools are caught;
And many worthy and chaste dames even thus,
All guiltless, meet reproach. What, ho! my lord!
My lord, I say! Othello!
Enter CASSIOHow now, Cassio!
What's the matter?IAGO
My lord is fall'n into an epilepsy:CASSIO
This is his second fit; he had one yesterday.
Rub him about the temples.IAGO
The lethargy must have his quiet course:
If not, he foams at mouth and by and by
Breaks out to savage madness. Look he stirs:
Do you withdraw yourself a little while,
He will recover straight: when he is gone,
I would on great occasion speak with you.
Exit CASSIOHow is it, general? have you not hurt your head?
Dost thou mock me?IAGO
I mock you! no, by heaven.OTHELLO
Would you would bear your fortune like a man!
A horned man's a monster and a beast.IAGO
There's many a beast then in a populous city,OTHELLO
And many a civil monster.
Did he confess it?IAGO
Good sir, be a man;OTHELLO
Think every bearded fellow that's but yoked
May draw with you: there's millions now alive
That nightly lie in those unproper beds
Which they dare swear peculiar: your case is better.
O, 'tis the spite of hell, the fiend's arch-mock,
To lip a wanton in a secure couch,
And to suppose her chaste! No, let me know;
And knowing what I am, I know what she shall be.
O, thou art wise; 'tis certain.IAGO
Stand you awhile apart;OTHELLO
Confine yourself but in a patient list.
Whilst you were here o'erwhelmed with your grief--
A passion most unsuiting such a man--
Cassio came hither: I shifted him away,
And laid good 'scuse upon your ecstasy,
Bade him anon return and here speak with me;
The which he promised. Do but encave yourself,
And mark the fleers, the gibes, and notable scorns,
That dwell in every region of his face;
For I will make him tell the tale anew,
Where, how, how oft, how long ago, and when
He hath, and is again to cope your wife:
I say, but mark his gesture. Marry, patience;
Or I shall say you are all in all in spleen,
And nothing of a man.
Dost thou hear, Iago?IAGO
I will be found most cunning in my patience;
But--dost thou hear?--most bloody.
That's not amiss;CASSIO
But yet keep time in all. Will you withdraw?
OTHELLO retiresNow will I question Cassio of Bianca,
A housewife that by selling her desires
Buys herself bread and clothes: it is a creature
That dotes on Cassio; as 'tis the strumpet's plague
To beguile many and be beguiled by one:
He, when he hears of her, cannot refrain
From the excess of laughter. Here he comes:
Re-enter CASSIOAs he shall smile, Othello shall go mad;
And his unbookish jealousy must construe
Poor Cassio's smiles, gestures and light behavior,
Quite in the wrong. How do you now, lieutenant?
The worser that you give me the additionIAGO
Whose want even kills me.
Ply Desdemona well, and you are sure on't.CASSIO
Speaking lowerNow, if this suit lay in Bianco's power,
How quickly should you speed!
Alas, poor caitiff!OTHELLO
Look, how he laughs already!IAGO
I never knew woman love man so.CASSIO
Alas, poor rogue! I think, i' faith, she loves me.OTHELLO
Now he denies it faintly, and laughs it out.IAGO
Do you hear, Cassio?OTHELLO
Now he importunes himIAGO
To tell it o'er: go to; well said, well said.
She gives it out that you shall marry hey:CASSIO
Do you intend it?
Ha, ha, ha!OTHELLO
Do you triumph, Roman? do you triumph?CASSIO
I marry her! what? a customer! Prithee, bear someOTHELLO
charity to my wit: do not think it so unwholesome.
Ha, ha, ha!
So, so, so, so: they laugh that win.IAGO
'Faith, the cry goes that you shall marry her.CASSIO
Prithee, say true.IAGO
I am a very villain else.OTHELLO
Have you scored me? Well.CASSIO
This is the monkey's own giving out: she isOTHELLO
persuaded I will marry her, out of her own love and
flattery, not out of my promise.
Iago beckons me; now he begins the story.CASSIO
She was here even now; she haunts me in every place.OTHELLO
I was the other day talking on the sea-bank with
certain Venetians; and thither comes the bauble,
and, by this hand, she falls me thus about my neck--
Crying 'O dear Cassio!' as it were: his gestureCASSIO
So hangs, and lolls, and weeps upon me; so hales,OTHELLO
and pulls me: ha, ha, ha!
Now he tells how she plucked him to my chamber. O,CASSIO
I see that nose of yours, but not that dog I shall
throw it to.
Well, I must leave her company.IAGO
Before me! look, where she comes.CASSIO
'Tis such another fitchew! marry a perfumed one.BIANCA
Enter BIANCAWhat do you mean by this haunting of me?
Let the devil and his dam haunt you! What did youCASSIO
mean by that same handkerchief you gave me even now?
I was a fine fool to take it. I must take out the
work?--A likely piece of work, that you should find
it in your chamber, and not know who left it there!
This is some minx's token, and I must take out the
work? There; give it your hobby-horse: wheresoever
you had it, I'll take out no work on't.
How now, my sweet Bianca! how now! how now!OTHELLO
By heaven, that should be my handkerchief!BIANCA
An you'll come to supper to-night, you may; an youIAGO
will not, come when you are next prepared for.
ExitAfter her, after her.CASSIO
'Faith, I must; she'll rail in the street else.IAGO
Will you sup there?CASSIO
'Faith, I intend so.IAGO
Well, I may chance to see you; for I would very fainCASSIO
speak with you.
Prithee, come; will you?IAGO
Go to; say no more.OTHELLO
Exit CASSIO[Advancing] How shall I murder him, Iago?IAGO
Did you perceive how he laughed at his vice?OTHELLO
And did you see the handkerchief?OTHELLO
Was that mine?IAGO
Yours by this hand: and to see how he prizes theOTHELLO
foolish woman your wife! she gave it him, and he
hath given it his whore.
I would have him nine years a-killing.IAGO
A fine woman! a fair woman! a sweet woman!
Nay, you must forget that.OTHELLO
Ay, let her rot, and perish, and be damned to-night;IAGO
for she shall not live: no, my heart is turned to
stone; I strike it, and it hurts my hand. O, the
world hath not a sweeter creature: she might lie by
an emperor's side and command him tasks.
Nay, that's not your way.OTHELLO
Hang her! I do but say what she is: so delicateIAGO
with her needle: an admirable musician: O! she
will sing the savageness out of a bear: of so high
and plenteous wit and invention:--
She's the worse for all this.OTHELLO
O, a thousand thousand times: and then, of soIAGO
gentle a condition!
Ay, too gentle.OTHELLO
Nay, that's certain: but yet the pity of it, Iago!IAGO
O Iago, the pity of it, Iago!
If you are so fond over her iniquity, give herOTHELLO
patent to offend; for, if it touch not you, it comes
I will chop her into messes: cuckold me!IAGO
O, 'tis foul in her.OTHELLO
With mine officer!IAGO
Get me some poison, Iago; this night: I'll notIAGO
expostulate with her, lest her body and beauty
unprovide my mind again: this night, Iago.
Do it not with poison, strangle her in her bed, evenOTHELLO
the bed she hath contaminated.
Good, good: the justice of it pleases: very good.IAGO
And for Cassio, let me be his undertaker: youOTHELLO
shall hear more by midnight.
A trumpet withinWhat trumpet is that same?
Something from Venice, sure. 'Tis LodovicoLODOVICO
Come from the duke: and, see, your wife is with him.
Enter LODOVICO, DESDEMONA, and AttendantsSave you, worthy general!OTHELLO
With all my heart, sir.LODOVICO
The duke and senators of Venice greet you.OTHELLO
Gives him a letterI kiss the instrument of their pleasures.DESDEMONA
Opens the letter, and readsAnd what's the news, good cousin Lodovico?IAGO
I am very glad to see you, signiorLODOVICO
Welcome to Cyprus.
I thank you. How does Lieutenant Cassio?IAGO
Cousin, there's fall'n between him and my lordOTHELLO
An unkind breach: but you shall make all well.
Are you sure of that?DESDEMONA
[Reads] 'This fail you not to do, as you will--'LODOVICO
He did not call; he's busy in the paper.DESDEMONA
Is there division 'twixt my lord and Cassio?
A most unhappy one: I would do muchOTHELLO
To atone them, for the love I bear to Cassio.
Fire and brimstone!DESDEMONA
Are you wise?DESDEMONA
What, is he angry?LODOVICO
May be the letter moved him;DESDEMONA
For, as I think, they do command him home,
Deputing Cassio in his government.
Trust me, I am glad on't.OTHELLO
I am glad to see you mad.DESDEMONA
Why, sweet Othello,--OTHELLO
[Striking her] Devil!DESDEMONA
I have not deserved this.LODOVICO
My lord, this would not be believed in Venice,OTHELLO
Though I should swear I saw't: 'tis very much:
Make her amends; she weeps.
O devil, devil!DESDEMONA
If that the earth could teem with woman's tears,
Each drop she falls would prove a crocodile.
Out of my sight!
I will not stay to offend you.LODOVICO
GoingTruly, an obedient lady:OTHELLO
I do beseech your lordship, call her back.
What would you with her, sir?LODOVICO
Who, I, my lord?OTHELLO
Ay; you did wish that I would make her turn:LODOVICO
Sir, she can turn, and turn, and yet go on,
And turn again; and she can weep, sir, weep;
And she's obedient, as you say, obedient,
Very obedient. Proceed you in your tears.
Concerning this, sir,--O well-painted passion!--
I am commanded home. Get you away;
I'll send for you anon. Sir, I obey the mandate,
And will return to Venice. Hence, avaunt!
Exit DESDEMONACassio shall have my place. And, sir, tonight,
I do entreat that we may sup together:
You are welcome, sir, to Cyprus.--Goats and monkeys!
ExitIs this the noble Moor whom our full senateIAGO
Call all in all sufficient? Is this the nature
Whom passion could not shake? whose solid virtue
The shot of accident, nor dart of chance,
Could neither graze nor pierce?
He is much changed.LODOVICO
Are his wits safe? is he not light of brain?IAGO
He's that he is: I may not breathe my censureLODOVICO
What he might be: if what he might he is not,
I would to heaven he were!
What, strike his wife!IAGO
'Faith, that was not so well; yet would I knewLODOVICO
That stroke would prove the worst!
Is it his use?IAGO
Or did the letters work upon his blood,
And new-create this fault?
It is not honesty in me to speak
What I have seen and known. You shall observe him,
And his own courses will denote him so
That I may save my speech: do but go after,
And mark how he continues.
I am sorry that I am deceived in him.
SCENE II. A room in the castle.Enter OTHELLO and EMILIAOTHELLOYou have seen nothing then?EMILIA
Nor ever heard, nor ever did suspect.OTHELLO
Yes, you have seen Cassio and she together.EMILIA
But then I saw no harm, and then I heardOTHELLO
Each syllable that breath made up between them.
What, did they never whisper?EMILIA
Never, my lord.OTHELLO
Nor send you out o' the way?EMILIA
To fetch her fan, her gloves, her mask, nor nothing?EMILIA
Never, my lord.OTHELLO
I durst, my lord, to wager she is honest,OTHELLO
Lay down my soul at stake: if you think other,
Remove your thought; it doth abuse your bosom.
If any wretch have put this in your head,
Let heaven requite it with the serpent's curse!
For, if she be not honest, chaste, and true,
There's no man happy; the purest of their wives
Is foul as slander.
Bid her come hither: go.DESDEMONA
Exit EMILIAShe says enough; yet she's a simple bawd
That cannot say as much. This is a subtle whore,
A closet lock and key of villanous secrets
And yet she'll kneel and pray; I have seen her do't.
Enter DESDEMONA with EMILIAMy lord, what is your will?OTHELLO
Pray, chuck, come hither.DESDEMONA
What is your pleasure?OTHELLO
Let me see your eyes;DESDEMONA
Look in my face.
What horrible fancy's this?OTHELLO
[To EMILIA] Some of your function, mistress;DESDEMONA
Leave procreants alone and shut the door;
Cough, or cry 'hem,' if any body come:
Your mystery, your mystery: nay, dispatch.
Exit EMILIAUpon my knees, what doth your speech import?OTHELLO
I understand a fury in your words.
But not the words.
Why, what art thou?DESDEMONA
Your wife, my lord; your trueOTHELLO
And loyal wife.
Come, swear it, damn thyselfDESDEMONA
Lest, being like one of heaven, the devils themselves
Should fear to seize thee: therefore be double damn'd:
Swear thou art honest.
Heaven doth truly know it.OTHELLO
Heaven truly knows that thou art false as hell.DESDEMONA
To whom, my lord? with whom? how am I false?OTHELLO
O Desdemona! away! away! away!DESDEMONA
Alas the heavy day! Why do you weep?OTHELLO
Am I the motive of these tears, my lord?
If haply you my father do suspect
An instrument of this your calling back,
Lay not your blame on me: If you have lost him,
Why, I have lost him too.
Had it pleased heavenDESDEMONA
To try me with affliction; had they rain'd
All kinds of sores and shames on my bare head.
Steep'd me in poverty to the very lips,
Given to captivity me and my utmost hopes,
I should have found in some place of my soul
A drop of patience: but, alas, to make me
A fixed figure for the time of scorn
To point his slow unmoving finger at!
Yet could I bear that too; well, very well:
But there, where I have garner'd up my heart,
Where either I must live, or bear no life;
The fountain from the which my current runs,
Or else dries up; to be discarded thence!
Or keep it as a cistern for foul toads
To knot and gender in! Turn thy complexion there,
Patience, thou young and rose-lipp'd cherubin,--
Ay, there, look grim as hell!
I hope my noble lord esteems me honest.OTHELLO
O, ay; as summer flies are in the shambles,DESDEMONA
That quicken even with blowing. O thou weed,
Who art so lovely fair and smell'st so sweet
That the sense aches at thee, would thou hadst
ne'er been born!
Alas, what ignorant sin have I committed?OTHELLO
Was this fair paper, this most goodly book,DESDEMONA
Made to write 'whore' upon? What committed!
Committed! O thou public commoner!
I should make very forges of my cheeks,
That would to cinders burn up modesty,
Did I but speak thy deeds. What committed!
Heaven stops the nose at it and the moon winks,
The bawdy wind that kisses all it meets
Is hush'd within the hollow mine of earth,
And will not hear it. What committed!
By heaven, you do me wrong.OTHELLO
Are you not a strumpet?DESDEMONA
No, as I am a Christian:OTHELLO
If to preserve this vessel for my lord
From any other foul unlawful touch
Be not to be a strumpet, I am none.
What, not a whore?DESDEMONA
No, as I shall be saved.OTHELLO
O, heaven forgive us!OTHELLO
I cry you mercy, then:EMILIA
I took you for that cunning whore of Venice
That married with Othello.
Raising his voiceYou, mistress,
That have the office opposite to Saint Peter,
And keep the gate of hell!
Re-enter EMILIAYou, you, ay, you!
We have done our course; there's money for your pains:
I pray you, turn the key and keep our counsel.
ExitAlas, what does this gentleman conceive?DESDEMONA
How do you, madam? how do you, my good lady?
'Faith, half asleep.EMILIA
Good madam, what's the matter with my lord?DESDEMONA
Why, with my lord, madam.DESDEMONA
Who is thy lord?EMILIA
He that is yours, sweet lady.DESDEMONA
I have none: do not talk to me, Emilia;EMILIA
I cannot weep; nor answer have I none,
But what should go by water. Prithee, tonight
Lay on my bed my wedding sheets: remember;
And call thy husband hither.
Here's a change indeed!DESDEMONA
Exit'Tis meet I should be used so, very meet.IAGO
How have I been behaved, that he might stick
The small'st opinion on my least misuse?
Re-enter EMILIA with IAGOWhat is your pleasure, madam?DESDEMONA
How is't with you?
I cannot tell. Those that do teach young babesIAGO
Do it with gentle means and easy tasks:
He might have chid me so; for, in good faith,
I am a child to chiding.
What's the matter, lady?EMILIA
Alas, Iago, my lord hath so bewhored her.DESDEMONA
Thrown such despite and heavy terms upon her,
As true hearts cannot bear.
Am I that name, Iago?IAGO
What name, fair lady?DESDEMONA
Such as she says my lord did say I was.EMILIA
He call'd her whore: a beggar in his drinkIAGO
Could not have laid such terms upon his callat.
Why did he so?DESDEMONA
I do not know; I am sure I am none such.IAGO
Do not weep, do not weep. Alas the day!EMILIA
Hath she forsook so many noble matches,DESDEMONA
Her father and her country and her friends,
To be call'd whore? would it not make one weep?
It is my wretched fortune.IAGO
Beshrew him for't!DESDEMONA
How comes this trick upon him?
Nay, heaven doth know.EMILIA
I will be hang'd, if some eternal villain,IAGO
Some busy and insinuating rogue,
Some cogging, cozening slave, to get some office,
Have not devised this slander; I'll be hang'd else.
Fie, there is no such man; it is impossible.DESDEMONA
If any such there be, heaven pardon him!EMILIA
A halter pardon him! and hell gnaw his bones!IAGO
Why should he call her whore? who keeps her company?
What place? what time? what form? what likelihood?
The Moor's abused by some most villanous knave,
Some base notorious knave, some scurvy fellow.
O heaven, that such companions thou'ldst unfold,
And put in every honest hand a whip
To lash the rascals naked through the world
Even from the east to the west!
Speak within door.EMILIA
O, fie upon them! Some such squire he wasIAGO
That turn'd your wit the seamy side without,
And made you to suspect me with the Moor.
You are a fool; go to.DESDEMONA
O good Iago,IAGO
What shall I do to win my lord again?
Good friend, go to him; for, by this light of heaven,
I know not how I lost him. Here I kneel:
If e'er my will did trespass 'gainst his love,
Either in discourse of thought or actual deed,
Or that mine eyes, mine ears, or any sense,
Delighted them in any other form;
Or that I do not yet, and ever did.
And ever will--though he do shake me off
To beggarly divorcement--love him dearly,
Comfort forswear me! Unkindness may do much;
And his unkindness may defeat my life,
But never taint my love. I cannot say 'whore:'
It does abhor me now I speak the word;
To do the act that might the addition earn
Not the world's mass of vanity could make me.
I pray you, be content; 'tis but his humour:DESDEMONA
The business of the state does him offence,
And he does chide with you.
If 'twere no other--IAGO
'Tis but so, I warrant.RODERIGO
Trumpets withinHark, how these instruments summon to supper!
The messengers of Venice stay the meat;
Go in, and weep not; all things shall be well.
Exeunt DESDEMONA and EMILIA
Enter RODERIGOHow now, Roderigo!
I do not find that thou dealest justly with me.IAGO
What in the contrary?RODERIGO
Every day thou daffest me with some device, Iago;IAGO
and rather, as it seems to me now, keepest from me
all conveniency than suppliest me with the least
advantage of hope. I will indeed no longer endure
it, nor am I yet persuaded to put up in peace what
already I have foolishly suffered.
Will you hear me, Roderigo?RODERIGO
'Faith, I have heard too much, for your words andIAGO
performances are no kin together.
You charge me most unjustly.RODERIGO
With nought but truth. I have wasted myself out ofIAGO
my means. The jewels you have had from me to
deliver to Desdemona would half have corrupted a
votarist: you have told me she hath received them
and returned me expectations and comforts of sudden
respect and acquaintance, but I find none.
Well; go to; very well.RODERIGO
Very well! go to! I cannot go to, man; nor 'tisIAGO
not very well: nay, I think it is scurvy, and begin
to find myself fobbed in it.
I tell you 'tis not very well. I will make myselfIAGO
known to Desdemona: if she will return me my
jewels, I will give over my suit and repent my
unlawful solicitation; if not, assure yourself I
will seek satisfaction of you.
You have said now.RODERIGO
Ay, and said nothing but what I protest intendment of doing.IAGO
Why, now I see there's mettle in thee, and even fromRODERIGO
this instant to build on thee a better opinion than
ever before. Give me thy hand, Roderigo: thou hast
taken against me a most just exception; but yet, I
protest, I have dealt most directly in thy affair.
It hath not appeared.IAGO
I grant indeed it hath not appeared, and yourRODERIGO
suspicion is not without wit and judgment. But,
Roderigo, if thou hast that in thee indeed, which I
have greater reason to believe now than ever, I mean
purpose, courage and valour, this night show it: if
thou the next night following enjoy not Desdemona,
take me from this world with treachery and devise
engines for my life.
Well, what is it? is it within reason and compass?IAGO
Sir, there is especial commission come from VeniceRODERIGO
to depute Cassio in Othello's place.
Is that true? why, then Othello and DesdemonaIAGO
return again to Venice.
O, no; he goes into Mauritania and takes away withRODERIGO
him the fair Desdemona, unless his abode be
lingered here by some accident: wherein none can be
so determinate as the removing of Cassio.
How do you mean, removing of him?IAGO
Why, by making him uncapable of Othello's place;RODERIGO
knocking out his brains.
And that you would have me to do?IAGO
Ay, if you dare do yourself a profit and a right.RODERIGO
He sups to-night with a harlotry, and thither will I
go to him: he knows not yet of his horrorable
fortune. If you will watch his going thence, which
I will fashion to fall out between twelve and one,
you may take him at your pleasure: I will be near
to second your attempt, and he shall fall between
us. Come, stand not amazed at it, but go along with
me; I will show you such a necessity in his death
that you shall think yourself bound to put it on
him. It is now high suppertime, and the night grows
to waste: about it.
I will hear further reason for this.IAGO
And you shall be satisfied.
SCENE III. Another room In the castle.Enter OTHELLO, LODOVICO, DESDEMONA, EMILIA and AttendantsLODOVICOI do beseech you, sir, trouble yourself no further.OTHELLO
O, pardon me: 'twill do me good to walk.LODOVICO
Madam, good night; I humbly thank your ladyship.DESDEMONA
Your honour is most welcome.OTHELLO
Will you walk, sir?DESDEMONA
Get you to bed on the instant; I will be returnedDESDEMONA
forthwith: dismiss your attendant there: look it be done.
I will, my lord.EMILIA
Exeunt OTHELLO, LODOVICO, and AttendantsHow goes it now? he looks gentler than he did.DESDEMONA
He says he will return incontinent:EMILIA
He hath commanded me to go to bed,
And bade me to dismiss you.
It was his bidding: therefore, good Emilia,.EMILIA
Give me my nightly wearing, and adieu:
We must not now displease him.
I would you had never seen him!DESDEMONA
So would not I my love doth so approve him,EMILIA
That even his stubbornness, his cheques, his frowns--
Prithee, unpin me,--have grace and favour in them.
I have laid those sheets you bade me on the bed.DESDEMONA
All's one. Good faith, how foolish are our minds!EMILIA
If I do die before thee prithee, shroud me
In one of those same sheets.
Come, come you talk.DESDEMONA
My mother had a maid call'd Barbara:EMILIA
She was in love, and he she loved proved mad
And did forsake her: she had a song of 'willow;'
An old thing 'twas, but it express'd her fortune,
And she died singing it: that song to-night
Will not go from my mind; I have much to do,
But to go hang my head all at one side,
And sing it like poor Barbara. Prithee, dispatch.
Shall I go fetch your night-gown?DESDEMONA
No, unpin me here.EMILIA
This Lodovico is a proper man.
A very handsome man.DESDEMONA
He speaks well.EMILIA
I know a lady in Venice would have walked barefootDESDEMONA
to Palestine for a touch of his nether lip.
[Singing] The poor soul sat sighing by a sycamore tree,EMILIA
Sing all a green willow:
Her hand on her bosom, her head on her knee,
Sing willow, willow, willow:
The fresh streams ran by her, and murmur'd her moans;
Sing willow, willow, willow;
Her salt tears fell from her, and soften'd the stones;
Lay by these:--
SingingSing willow, willow, willow;
Prithee, hie thee; he'll come anon:--
SingingSing all a green willow must be my garland.
Let nobody blame him; his scorn I approve,-
Nay, that's not next.--Hark! who is't that knocks?
It's the wind.DESDEMONA
[Singing] I call'd my love false love; but whatEMILIA
said he then?
Sing willow, willow, willow:
If I court moe women, you'll couch with moe men!
So, get thee gone; good night Ate eyes do itch;
Doth that bode weeping?
'Tis neither here nor there.DESDEMONA
I have heard it said so. O, these men, these men!EMILIA
Dost thou in conscience think,--tell me, Emilia,--
That there be women do abuse their husbands
In such gross kind?
There be some such, no question.DESDEMONA
Wouldst thou do such a deed for all the world?EMILIA
Why, would not you?DESDEMONA
No, by this heavenly light!EMILIA
Nor I neither by this heavenly light;DESDEMONA
I might do't as well i' the dark.
Wouldst thou do such a deed for all the world?EMILIA
The world's a huge thing: it is a great price.DESDEMONA
For a small vice.
In troth, I think thou wouldst not.EMILIA
In troth, I think I should; and undo't when I hadDESDEMONA
done. Marry, I would not do such a thing for a
joint-ring, nor for measures of lawn, nor for
gowns, petticoats, nor caps, nor any petty
exhibition; but for the whole world,--why, who would
not make her husband a cuckold to make him a
monarch? I should venture purgatory for't.
Beshrew me, if I would do such a wrongEMILIA
For the whole world.
Why the wrong is but a wrong i' the world: andDESDEMONA
having the world for your labour, tis a wrong in your
own world, and you might quickly make it right.
I do not think there is any such woman.EMILIA
Yes, a dozen; and as many to the vantage as wouldDESDEMONA
store the world they played for.
But I do think it is their husbands' faults
If wives do fall: say that they slack their duties,
And pour our treasures into foreign laps,
Or else break out in peevish jealousies,
Throwing restraint upon us; or say they strike us,
Or scant our former having in despite;
Why, we have galls, and though we have some grace,
Yet have we some revenge. Let husbands know
Their wives have sense like them: they see and smell
And have their palates both for sweet and sour,
As husbands have. What is it that they do
When they change us for others? Is it sport?
I think it is: and doth affection breed it?
I think it doth: is't frailty that thus errs?
It is so too: and have not we affections,
Desires for sport, and frailty, as men have?
Then let them use us well: else let them know,
The ills we do, their ills instruct us so.
Good night, good night: heaven me such uses send,
Not to pick bad from bad, but by bad mend!
SCENE I. Cyprus. A street.Enter IAGO and RODERIGOIAGOHere, stand behind this bulk; straight will he come:RODERIGO
Wear thy good rapier bare, and put it home:
Quick, quick; fear nothing; I'll be at thy elbow:
It makes us, or it mars us; think on that,
And fix most firm thy resolution.
Be near at hand; I may miscarry in't.IAGO
Here, at thy hand: be bold, and take thy stand.RODERIGO
RetiresI have no great devotion to the deed;IAGO
And yet he hath given me satisfying reasons:
'Tis but a man gone. Forth, my sword: he dies.
I have rubb'd this young quat almost to the sense,RODERIGO
And he grows angry. Now, whether he kill Cassio,
Or Cassio him, or each do kill the other,
Every way makes my gain: live Roderigo,
He calls me to a restitution large
Of gold and jewels that I bobb'd from him,
As gifts to Desdemona;
It must not be: if Cassio do remain,
He hath a daily beauty in his life
That makes me ugly; and, besides, the Moor
May unfold me to him; there stand I in much peril:
No, he must die. But so: I hear him coming.
Enter CASSIOI know his gait, 'tis he.--Villain, thou diest!CASSIO
Makes a pass at CASSIOThat thrust had been mine enemy indeed,RODERIGO
But that my coat is better than thou know'st
I will make proof of thine.
Draws, and wounds RODERIGOO, I am slain!CASSIO
IAGO from behind wounds CASSIO in the leg, and exitI am maim'd for ever. Help, ho! murder! murder!OTHELLO
Enter OTHELLOThe voice of Cassio: Iago keeps his word.RODERIGO
O, villain that I am!OTHELLO
It is even so.CASSIO
O, help, ho! light! a surgeon!OTHELLO
'Tis he:--O brave Iago, honest and just,CASSIO
That hast such noble sense of thy friend's wrong!
Thou teachest me. Minion, your dear lies dead,
And your unblest fate hies: strumpet, I come.
Forth of my heart those charms, thine eyes, are blotted;
Thy bed, lust-stain'd, shall with lust's blood be spotted.
Enter LODOVICO and GRATIANOWhat, ho! no watch? no passage? murder! murder!GRATIANO
'Tis some mischance; the cry is very direful.CASSIO
O wretched villain!LODOVICO
Two or three groan: it is a heavy night:RODERIGO
These may be counterfeits: let's think't unsafe
To come in to the cry without more help.
Nobody come? then shall I bleed to death.LODOVICO
Re-enter IAGO, with a lightHere's one comes in his shirt, with light and weapons.IAGO
Who's there? whose noise is this that ones on murder?LODOVICO
We do not know.IAGO
Did not you hear a cry?CASSIO
Here, here! for heaven's sake, help me!IAGO
What's the matter?GRATIANO
This is Othello's ancient, as I take it.LODOVICO
The same indeed; a very valiant fellow.IAGO
What are you here that cry so grievously?CASSIO
Iago? O, I am spoil'd, undone by villains!IAGO
Give me some help.
O me, lieutenant! what villains have done this?CASSIO
I think that one of them is hereabout,IAGO
And cannot make away.
O treacherous villains!RODERIGO
What are you there? come in, and give some help.
To LODOVICO and GRATIANOO, help me here!CASSIO
That's one of them.IAGO
O murderous slave! O villain!RODERIGO
Stabs RODERIGOO damn'd Iago! O inhuman dog!IAGO
Kill men i' the dark!--Where be these bloody thieves?--LODOVICO
How silent is this town!--Ho! murder! murder!--
What may you be? are you of good or evil?
As you shall prove us, praise us.IAGO
I cry you mercy. Here's Cassio hurt by villains.GRATIANO
How is't, brother!CASSIO
My leg is cut in two.IAGO
Marry, heaven forbid!BIANCA
Light, gentlemen; I'll bind it with my shirt.
Enter BIANCAWhat is the matter, ho? who is't that cried?IAGO
Who is't that cried!BIANCA
O my dear Cassio! my sweet Cassio! O Cassio,IAGO
O notable strumpet! Cassio, may you suspectCASSIO
Who they should be that have thus many led you?
I am to find you thus: I have been to seek you.IAGO
Lend me a garter. So. O, for a chair,BIANCA
To bear him easily hence!
Alas, he faints! O Cassio, Cassio, Cassio!IAGO
Gentlemen all, I do suspect this trashGRATIANO
To be a party in this injury.
Patience awhile, good Cassio. Come, come;
Lend me a light. Know we this face or no?
Alas my friend and my dear countryman
Roderigo! no:--yes, sure: O heaven! Roderigo.
What, of Venice?IAGO
Even he, sir; did you know him?GRATIANO
Know him! ay.IAGO
Signior Gratiano? I cry you gentle pardon;GRATIANO
These bloody accidents must excuse my manners,
That so neglected you.
I am glad to see you.IAGO
How do you, Cassio? O, a chair, a chair!GRATIANO
He, he 'tis he.GRATIANO
A chair brought inO, that's well said; the chair!
Some good man bear him carefully from hence;CASSIO
I'll fetch the general's surgeon.
To BIANCAFor you, mistress,
Save you your labour. He that lies slain
Was my dear friend: what malice was between you?
None in the world; nor do I know the man.IAGO
[To BIANCA] What, look you pale? O, bear him outEMILIA
o' the air.
CASSIO and RODERIGO are borne offStay you, good gentlemen. Look you pale, mistress?
Do you perceive the gastness of her eye?
Nay, if you stare, we shall hear more anon.
Behold her well; I pray you, look upon her:
Do you see, gentlemen? nay, guiltiness will speak,
Though tongues were out of use.
Enter EMILIA'Las, what's the matter? what's the matter, husband?IAGO
Cassio hath here been set on in the darkEMILIA
By Roderigo and fellows that are scaped:
He's almost slain, and Roderigo dead.
Alas, good gentleman! alas, good Cassio!IAGO
This is the fruit of whoring. Prithee, Emilia,BIANCA
Go know of Cassio where he supp'd to-night.
To BIANCAWhat, do you shake at that?
He supp'd at my house; but I therefore shake not.IAGO
O, did he so? I charge you, go with me.EMILIA
Fie, fie upon thee, strumpet!BIANCA
I am no strumpet; but of life as honestEMILIA
As you that thus abuse me.
As I! foh! fie upon thee!IAGO
Kind gentlemen, let's go see poor Cassio dress'd.
Come, mistress, you must tell's another tale.
Emilia run you to the citadel,
And tell my lord and lady what hath happ'd.
Will you go on? I pray.
AsideThis is the night
That either makes me or fordoes me quite.
SCENE II. A bedchamber in the castle: DESDEMONA in bed asleep;a light burning.OTHELLO
Enter OTHELLOIt is the cause, it is the cause, my soul,--DESDEMONA
Let me not name it to you, you chaste stars!--
It is the cause. Yet I'll not shed her blood;
Nor scar that whiter skin of hers than snow,
And smooth as monumental alabaster.
Yet she must die, else she'll betray more men.
Put out the light, and then put out the light:
If I quench thee, thou flaming minister,
I can again thy former light restore,
Should I repent me: but once put out thy light,
Thou cunning'st pattern of excelling nature,
I know not where is that Promethean heat
That can thy light relume. When I have pluck'd the rose,
I cannot give it vital growth again.
It must needs wither: I'll smell it on the tree.
Kissing herAh balmy breath, that dost almost persuade
Justice to break her sword! One more, one more.
Be thus when thou art dead, and I will kill thee,
And love thee after. One more, and this the last:
So sweet was ne'er so fatal. I must weep,
But they are cruel tears: this sorrow's heavenly;
It strikes where it doth love. She wakes.
Who's there? Othello?OTHELLO
Will you come to bed, my lord?OTHELLO
Have you pray'd to-night, Desdemona?DESDEMONA
Ay, my lord.OTHELLO
If you bethink yourself of any crimeDESDEMONA
Unreconciled as yet to heaven and grace,
Solicit for it straight.
Alas, my lord, what do you mean by that?OTHELLO
Well, do it, and be brief; I will walk by:DESDEMONA
I would not kill thy unprepared spirit;
No; heaven forfend! I would not kill thy soul.
Talk you of killing?OTHELLO
Ay, I do.DESDEMONA
Have mercy on me!
Amen, with all my heart!DESDEMONA
If you say so, I hope you will not kill me.OTHELLO
And yet I fear you; for you are fatal thenOTHELLO
When your eyes roll so: why I should fear I know not,
Since guiltiness I know not; but yet I feel I fear.
Think on thy sins.DESDEMONA
They are loves I bear to you.OTHELLO
Ay, and for that thou diest.DESDEMONA
That death's unnatural that kills for loving.OTHELLO
Alas, why gnaw you so your nether lip?
Some bloody passion shakes your very frame:
These are portents; but yet I hope, I hope,
They do not point on me.
Peace, and be still!DESDEMONA
I will so. What's the matter?OTHELLO
That handkerchief which I so loved and gave theeDESDEMONA
Thou gavest to Cassio.
No, by my life and soul!OTHELLO
Send for the man, and ask him.
Sweet soul, take heed,DESDEMONA
Take heed of perjury; thou art on thy deathbed.
Ay, but not yet to die.OTHELLO
Therefore confess thee freely of thy sin;
For to deny each article with oath
Cannot remove nor choke the strong conception
That I do groan withal. Thou art to die.
Then Lord have mercy on me!OTHELLO
I say, amen.DESDEMONA
And have you mercy too! I never didOTHELLO
Offend you in my life; never loved Cassio
But with such general warranty of heaven
As I might love: I never gave him token.
By heaven, I saw my handkerchief in's hand.DESDEMONA
O perjured woman! thou dost stone my heart,
And makest me call what I intend to do
A murder, which I thought a sacrifice:
I saw the handkerchief.
He found it then;OTHELLO
I never gave it him: send for him hither;
Let him confess a truth.
He hath confess'd.DESDEMONA
What, my lord?OTHELLO
That he hath used thee.DESDEMONA
He will not say so.OTHELLO
No, his mouth is stopp'd;DESDEMONA
Honest Iago hath ta'en order for't.
O! my fear interprets: what, is he dead?OTHELLO
Had all his hairs been lives, my great revengeDESDEMONA
Had stomach for them all.
Alas! he is betray'd and I undone.OTHELLO
Out, strumpet! weep'st thou for him to my face?DESDEMONA
O, banish me, my lord, but kill me not!OTHELLO
Kill me to-morrow: let me live to-night!OTHELLO
Nay, if you strive--DESDEMONA
But half an hour!OTHELLO
Being done, there is no pause.DESDEMONA
But while I say one prayer!OTHELLO
It is too late.EMILIA
He stifles her[Within] My lord , my lord! what, ho! my lord, my lord!OTHELLO
What noise is this? Not dead? not yet quite dead?EMILIA
I that am cruel am yet merciful;
I would not have thee linger in thy pain: So, so.
[Within] What, ho! my lord, my lord!OTHELLO
[Within] O, good my lord, I would speak a word with you!OTHELLO
Yes: 'tis Emilia. By and by. She's dead.EMILIA
'Tis like she comes to speak of Cassio's death.--
The noise was here. Ha! no more moving?
Still as the grave. Shall she come in? were't good?--
I think she stirs again:--no. What's best to do?
If she come in, she'll sure speak to my wife:
My wife! my wife! what wife? I have no wife.
O insupportable! O heavy hour!
Methinks it should be now a huge eclipse
Of sun and moon, and that the affrighted globe
Should yawn at alteration.
[Within] I do beseech youOTHELLO
That I may speak with you, O, good my lord!
I had forgot thee: O, come in, Emilia;EMILIA
Soft; by and by. Let me the curtains draw.
Where art thou?
Unlocks the door
Enter EMILIAWhat's the matter with thee now?
O, my good lord, yonder's foul murders done!OTHELLO
But now, my lord.OTHELLO
It is the very error of the moon;EMILIA
She comes more nearer earth than she was wont,
And makes men mad.
Cassio, my lord, hath kill'd a young VenetianOTHELLO
And Cassio kill'd!
No, Cassio is not kill'd.OTHELLO
Not Cassio kill'd! then murder's out of tune,DESDEMONA
And sweet revenge grows harsh.
O, falsely, falsely murder'd!EMILIA
Alas, what cry is that?OTHELLO
Out, and alas! that was my lady's voice.DESDEMONA
Help! help, ho! help! O lady, speak again!
Sweet Desdemona! O sweet mistress, speak!
A guiltless death I die.EMILIA
O, who hath done this deed?DESDEMONA
Nobody; I myself. FarewellOTHELLO
Commend me to my kind lord: O, farewell!
DiesWhy, how should she be murder'd?EMILIA
Alas, who knows?OTHELLO
You heard her say herself, it was not I.EMILIA
She said so: I must needs report the truth.OTHELLO
She's, like a liar, gone to burning hell:EMILIA
'Twas I that kill'd her.
O, the more angel she,OTHELLO
And you the blacker devil!
She turn'd to folly, and she was a whore.EMILIA
Thou dost belie her, and thou art a devil.OTHELLO
She was false as water.EMILIA
Thou art rash as fire, to sayOTHELLO
That she was false: O, she was heavenly true!
Cassio did top her; ask thy husband else.EMILIA
O, I were damn'd beneath all depth in hell,
But that I did proceed upon just grounds
To this extremity. Thy husband knew it all.
That she was false to wedlock?OTHELLO
Ay, with Cassio. Nay, had she been true,EMILIA
If heaven would make me such another world
Of one entire and Perfect chrysolite,
I'ld not have sold her for it.
Ay, 'twas he that told me first:EMILIA
An honest man he is, and hates the slime
That sticks on filthy deeds.
What needs this iteration, woman? I say thy husband.EMILIA
O mistress, villany hath made mocks with love,OTHELLO
My husband say that she was false!
I say thy husband: dost understand the word?
My friend, thy husband, honest, honest Iago.
If he say so, may his pernicious soulOTHELLO
Rot half a grain a day! he lies to the heart:
She was too fond of her most filthy bargain.
Do thy worst:OTHELLO
This deed of thine is no more worthy heaven
Than thou wast worthy her.
Peace, you were best.EMILIA
Thou hast not half that power to do me harmMONTANO
As I have to be hurt. O gull! O dolt!
As ignorant as dirt! thou hast done a deed--
I care not for thy sword; I'll make thee known,
Though I lost twenty lives.--Help! help, ho! help!
The Moor hath kill'd my mistress! Murder! murder!
Enter MONTANO, GRATIANO, IAGO, and othersWhat is the matter? How now, general!EMILIA
O, are you come, Iago? you have done well,GRATIANO
That men must lay their murders on your neck.
What is the matter?EMILIA
Disprove this villain, if thou be'st a man:IAGO
He says thou told'st him that his wife was false:
I know thou didst not, thou'rt not such a villain:
Speak, for my heart is full.
I told him what I thought, and told no moreEMILIA
Than what he found himself was apt and true.
But did you ever tell him she was false?IAGO
You told a lie, an odious, damned lie;IAGO
Upon my soul, a lie, a wicked lie.
She false with Cassio!--did you say with Cassio?
With Cassio, mistress. Go to, charm your tongue.EMILIA
I will not charm my tongue; I am bound to speak:All
My mistress here lies murder'd in her bed,--
O heavens forfend!EMILIA
And your reports have set the murder on.OTHELLO
Nay, stare not, masters: it is true, indeed.GRATIANO
'Tis a strange truth.MONTANO
O monstrous act!EMILIA
Villany, villany, villany!IAGO
I think upon't, I think: I smell't: O villany!--
I thought so then:--I'll kill myself for grief:--
O villany, villany!
What, are you mad? I charge you, get you home.EMILIA
Good gentlemen, let me have leave to speak:OTHELLO
'Tis proper I obey him, but not now.
Perchance, Iago, I will ne'er go home.
O! O! O!EMILIA
He falls on the bedNay, lay thee down and roar;OTHELLO
For thou hast kill'd the sweetest innocent
That e'er did lift up eye.
[Rising] O, she was foul!GRATIANO
I scarce did know you, uncle: there lies your niece,
Whose breath, indeed, these hands have newly stopp'd:
I know this act shows horrible and grim.
Poor Desdemona! I am glad thy father's dead:OTHELLO
Thy match was mortal to him, and pure grief
Shore his old thread in twain: did he live now,
This sight would make him do a desperate turn,
Yea, curse his better angel from his side,
And fall to reprobation.
'Tis pitiful; but yet Iago knowsEMILIA
That she with Cassio hath the act of shame
A thousand times committed; Cassio confess'd it:
And she did gratify his amorous works
With that recognizance and pledge of love
Which I first gave her; I saw it in his hand:
It was a handkerchief, an antique token
My father gave my mother.
O heaven! O heavenly powers!IAGO
Come, hold your peace.EMILIA
'Twill out, 'twill out: I peace!IAGO
No, I will speak as liberal as the north:
Let heaven and men and devils, let them all,
All, all, cry shame against me, yet I'll speak.
Be wise, and get you home.EMILIA
I will not.GRATIANO
IAGO offers to stab EMILIAFie!EMILIA
Your sword upon a woman?
O thou dull Moor! that handkerchief thou speak'st ofIAGO
I found by fortune and did give my husband;
For often, with a solemn earnestness,
More than indeed belong'd to such a trifle,
He begg'd of me to steal it.
She give it Cassio! no, alas! I found it,IAGO
And I did give't my husband.
Filth, thou liest!EMILIA
By heaven, I do not, I do not, gentlemen.OTHELLO
O murderous coxcomb! what should such a fool
Do with so good a woman?
Are there no stones in heavenGRATIANO
But what serve for the thunder?--Precious villain!
He runs at IAGO IAGO, from behind, stabs EMILIA, and exitThe woman falls; sure, he hath kill'd his wife.EMILIA
Ay, ay: O, lay me by my mistress' side.GRATIANO
He's gone, but his wife's kill'd.MONTANO
'Tis a notorious villain. Take you this weapon,OTHELLO
Which I have here recover'd from the Moor:
Come, guard the door without; let him not pass,
But kill him rather. I'll after that same villain,
For 'tis a damned slave.
Exeunt MONTANO and GRATIANOI am not valiant neither,EMILIA
But ever puny whipster gets my sword:
But why should honour outlive honesty?
Let it go all.
What did thy song bode, lady?OTHELLO
Hark, canst thou hear me? I will play the swan.
And die in music.
SingingWillow, willow, willow,--
Moor, she was chaste; she loved thee, cruel Moor;
So come my soul to bliss, as I speak true;
So speaking as I think, I die, I die.
DiesI have another weapon in this chamber;GRATIANO
It is a sword of Spain, the ice-brook's temper:--
O, here it is. Uncle, I must come forth.
[Within] If thou attempt it, it will cost thee dear:OTHELLO
Thou hast no weapon, and perforce must suffer.
Look in upon me then and speak with me,GRATIANO
Or, naked as I am, I will assault thee.
Re-enter GRATIANOWhat is the matter?OTHELLO
Behold, I have a weapon;LODOVICO
A better never did itself sustain
Upon a soldier's thigh: I have seen the day,
That, with this little arm and this good sword,
I have made my way through more impediments
Than twenty times your stop: but, O vain boast!
Who can control his fate? 'tis not so now.
Be not afraid, though you do see me weapon'd;
Here is my journey's end, here is my butt,
And very sea-mark of my utmost sail.
Do you go back dismay'd? 'tis a lost fear;
Man but a rush against Othello's breast,
And he retires. Where should Othello go?
Now, how dost thou look now? O ill-starr'd wench!
Pale as thy smock! when we shall meet at compt,
This look of thine will hurl my soul from heaven,
And fiends will snatch at it. Cold, cold, my girl!
Even like thy chastity. O cursed slave!
Whip me, ye devils,
From the possession of this heavenly sight!
Blow me about in winds! roast me in sulphur!
Wash me in steep-down gulfs of liquid fire!
O Desdemona! Desdemona! dead!
Oh! Oh! Oh!
Enter LODOVICO. MONTANO, CASSIO carried in a chair, and Officers with IAGO, prisonerWhere is this rash and most unfortunate man?OTHELLO
That's he that was Othello: here I am.LODOVICO
Where is that viper? bring the villain forth.OTHELLO
I look down towards his feet; but that's a fable.LODOVICO
If that thou best a devil, I cannot kill thee.
Wounds IAGOWrench his sword from him.IAGO
I bleed, sir; but not kill'd.OTHELLO
I am not sorry neither: I'ld have thee live;LODOVICO
For, in my sense, 'tis happiness to die.
O thou Othello, thou wert once so good,OTHELLO
Fall'n in the practise of a damned slave,
What shall be said to thee?
Why, any thing:LODOVICO
An honourable murderer, if you will;
For nought I did in hate, but all in honour.
This wretch hath part confess'd his villany:OTHELLO
Did you and he consent in Cassio's death?
Dear general, I never gave you cause.OTHELLO
I do believe it, and I ask your pardon.IAGO
Will you, I pray, demand that demi-devil
Why he hath thus ensnared my soul and body?
Demand me nothing: what you know, you know:LODOVICO
From this time forth I never will speak word.
What, not to pray?GRATIANO
Torments will ope your lips.OTHELLO
Well, thou dost best.LODOVICO
Sir, you shall understand what hath befall'n,OTHELLO
Which, as I think, you know not. Here is a letter
Found in the pocket of the slain Roderigo;
And here another: the one of them imports
The death of Cassio to be undertook
Most heathenish and most gross!LODOVICO
Now here's another discontented paper,OTHELLO
Found in his pocket too; and this, it seems,
Roderigo meant to have sent this damned villain;
But that belike Iago in the interim
Came in and satisfied him.
O the pernicious caitiff!CASSIO
How came you, Cassio, by that handkerchief
That was my wife's?
I found it in my chamber:OTHELLO
And he himself confess'd but even now
That there he dropp'd it for a special purpose
Which wrought to his desire.
O fool! fool! fool!CASSIO
There is besides in Roderigo's letter,LODOVICO
How he upbraids Iago, that he made him
Brave me upon the watch; whereon it came
That I was cast: and even but now he spake,
After long seeming dead, Iago hurt him,
Iago set him on.
You must forsake this room, and go with us:OTHELLO
Your power and your command is taken off,
And Cassio rules in Cyprus. For this slave,
If there be any cunning cruelty
That can torment him much and hold him long,
It shall be his. You shall close prisoner rest,
Till that the nature of your fault be known
To the Venetian state. Come, bring him away.
Soft you; a word or two before you go.LODOVICO
I have done the state some service, and they know't.
No more of that. I pray you, in your letters,
When you shall these unlucky deeds relate,
Speak of me as I am; nothing extenuate,
Nor set down aught in malice: then must you speak
Of one that loved not wisely but too well;
Of one not easily jealous, but being wrought
Perplex'd in the extreme; of one whose hand,
Like the base Indian, threw a pearl away
Richer than all his tribe; of one whose subdued eyes,
Albeit unused to the melting mood,
Drop tears as fast as the Arabian trees
Their medicinal gum. Set you down this;
And say besides, that in Aleppo once,
Where a malignant and a turban'd Turk
Beat a Venetian and traduced the state,
I took by the throat the circumcised dog,
And smote him, thus.
Stabs himselfO bloody period!GRATIANO
All that's spoke is marr'd.OTHELLO
I kiss'd thee ere I kill'd thee: no way but this;CASSIO
Killing myself, to die upon a kiss.
Falls on the bed, and diesThis did I fear, but thought he had no weapon;LODOVICO
For he was great of heart.
[To IAGO] O Spartan dog,
More fell than anguish, hunger, or the sea!
Look on the tragic loading of this bed;
This is thy work: the object poisons sight;
Let it be hid. Gratiano, keep the house,
And seize upon the fortunes of the Moor,
For they succeed on you. To you, lord governor,
Remains the censure of this hellish villain;
The time, the place, the torture: O, enforce it!
Myself will straight aboard: and to the state
This heavy act with heavy heart relate.
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